So far, researchers paid special attention to the identification of the porta ad marem ferens quoted by ancient sources, and linked to the localization of the agora/forum and of the near Temple of Herakles/Hercules. In recent years, G. Tripodi’s hypothesis has prevailed, that identifies the main gate towards the sea (Porta IV) near the E side of the socalled Temple of Herakles (in the garden of Villa Aurea), rather than on the W side (in the site of the alleged Porta Aurea). Lastly, V. Caminneci and G. Cucchiara proposed a reappraisal of the role of the “Porta Aurea” as the main outlet towards the coastal emporium.Based on the new data from the current investigations by the team of the University of Palermo in the area between the temples of Zeus Olympios and Herakles, the paper re-examines all the evidences at disposal and aims to define the phases and the historical development of the fortifications in this part of the ancient town. These are considered in relationship with the sanctuary and, after the dismissal of the sacred areas at the end of the 4th century B.C., with the defense needs of the city; and finally, with the need of connection between the urban core of the Hellenistic-Roman town, the countryside and the sea.
|Titolo della pubblicazione ospite||Fortificazioni e società nel Mediterraneo occidentale- Fortifications and Society in the Western Mediterranean, Sicilia e Italia|
|Numero di pagine||19|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2020|