This article gathers some reflections and suggestions that have been carried out throughout the workshop “Arquitectura construida y espacio habitado en los poblados de colonizatión de Italia y España” held in Palermo between the 21st and 22nd January 2020. The case studies that are here analysed and compared are Latina (ancient Littoria), in the Lazio region, Italy, and Valdelacalzada, in the Extremadura region, Spain. The two cities have in common the fundamental cross-shape relationship that characterises their primary urban foundation.Furthermore, both have been conceived and built under totalitarian regimes: Franco’s in Spain and Mussolini’s in Italy. Also, the reasons for their foundation had been in some degree similar: the Plan Badajoz in the Extremadura region and the marshland remediation of the Agro Pontino had in common the creation of rural centres for agricultural and economic development, with an increase in population and somehow better life conditions. The case studies comparison highlighted some major differences between the two settlements. First of all, the dimensions and the scale for which the two cities had been conceived: Latina (Littoria) had an extension of 276,55 squared kilometres and a population of more than 20 thousand inhabitants in 1932, whilst Valdelacalzada was about ten times smaller. There is also a fundamental difference regarding the epoch in which Latina and Valdelacalzada were designed and built: the first was inaugurated in 1932, while the latter was conceived in the late 1940s and built over the years 1948–1950. The analysis and diagnosis of these two cities led to unveil contradictions in their evolution and in the dynamics of urban development as well as in their relationship with the landscapes around them. The description of the two case studies are presented in chronological order: the Italian city Latina (Littoria) first, built in the 1930s, then the Spanish urban centre of Valdelacalzada, built in the late 1940s. Each text follows the same structure: a brief introduction with a short description of the territorial framework in which the city is located; a historical background presenting the peculiar reasons and aims of the project; a description of the urban settlement, its features, and the choices taken by the designers (analysis); notes about the development and evolution of the urban form and its public spaces (diagnosis); a project-proposal to rebuild a harmonious relationship between urban and agricultural landscape.
|Numero di pagine||8|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2020|