Abstract

Introduction Cavernous hemangioma of the adrenal gland is a rare benign tumor. The diagnosis is often postoperative on histological exam with the presence of blood-filled, dilated vascular spaces. Presentation of case We report the clinical case of a 49 years-old woman who came to our observation with aspecific abdominal pain. A computed tomography (CT) abdominal scan revealed a 11 cm right adrenal mass. This lesion was well circumscribed, round, encapsulated. After iodinated-contrast we observed a progressive, inhomogeneous enhancement without evidence of active bleeding and with pre-operative diagnosis of adrenal hemangioma. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed by a transperitoneal flank approach. Pathological examination revealed a 11 cm adrenal mass with extensive central necrotic areas mixed to sinusoidal dilation and fibrotic septa. Postoperative diagnosis was adrenal hemangioma. Discussion Adrenal hemangiomas occur infrequently. Generally these adrenal masses are non-functioning and there is no specific symptoms. Recent records demonstrate that laparoscopic adrenalectomy is technically safe and feasible for large adrenal tumors, but controversy exists in cases of suspected malignancy. We choose laparoscopic approach to adrenal gland on the basis of preoperative CT abdominal scan that excludes radiological signs of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) such as peri-adrenal infiltration and vascular invasion. Conclusion Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is considered the standard treatment in case of diagnosis of benign lesions. In this case report we discussed a large adrenal cavernous hemangioma treated with laparoscopic approach. Fundamental is the study of preoperative endocrine disorders and radiologic findings to exclude signs of malignancy.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)150-153
Numero di pagine4
RivistaInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Volume16
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2015

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Cavernous Hemangioma
Adrenal Glands
Adrenalectomy
Hemangioma
Blood Vessels
Tomography
Adrenocortical Carcinoma
Neoplasms
Glandular and Epithelial Neoplasms
Therapeutics
Abdominal Pain
Dilatation
Observation
Hemorrhage

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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title = "Large cavernous hemangioma of the adrenal gland: Laparoscopic treatment. Report of a case",
abstract = "Introduction Cavernous hemangioma of the adrenal gland is a rare benign tumor. The diagnosis is often postoperative on histological exam with the presence of blood-filled, dilated vascular spaces. Presentation of case We report the clinical case of a 49 years-old woman who came to our observation with aspecific abdominal pain. A computed tomography (CT) abdominal scan revealed a 11 cm right adrenal mass. This lesion was well circumscribed, round, encapsulated. After iodinated-contrast we observed a progressive, inhomogeneous enhancement without evidence of active bleeding and with pre-operative diagnosis of adrenal hemangioma. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed by a transperitoneal flank approach. Pathological examination revealed a 11 cm adrenal mass with extensive central necrotic areas mixed to sinusoidal dilation and fibrotic septa. Postoperative diagnosis was adrenal hemangioma. Discussion Adrenal hemangiomas occur infrequently. Generally these adrenal masses are non-functioning and there is no specific symptoms. Recent records demonstrate that laparoscopic adrenalectomy is technically safe and feasible for large adrenal tumors, but controversy exists in cases of suspected malignancy. We choose laparoscopic approach to adrenal gland on the basis of preoperative CT abdominal scan that excludes radiological signs of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) such as peri-adrenal infiltration and vascular invasion. Conclusion Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is considered the standard treatment in case of diagnosis of benign lesions. In this case report we discussed a large adrenal cavernous hemangioma treated with laparoscopic approach. Fundamental is the study of preoperative endocrine disorders and radiologic findings to exclude signs of malignancy.",
author = "Gaspare Gulotta and Giorgio Romano and Antonino Agrusa and Massimo Galia and Giuseppe Salamone and Daniela Chianetta and {Di Buono}, Giuseppe and Vincenzo Sorce and Elisabetta Orlando",
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T1 - Large cavernous hemangioma of the adrenal gland: Laparoscopic treatment. Report of a case

AU - Gulotta, Gaspare

AU - Romano, Giorgio

AU - Agrusa, Antonino

AU - Galia, Massimo

AU - Salamone, Giuseppe

AU - Chianetta, Daniela

AU - Di Buono, Giuseppe

AU - Sorce, Vincenzo

AU - Orlando, Elisabetta

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Introduction Cavernous hemangioma of the adrenal gland is a rare benign tumor. The diagnosis is often postoperative on histological exam with the presence of blood-filled, dilated vascular spaces. Presentation of case We report the clinical case of a 49 years-old woman who came to our observation with aspecific abdominal pain. A computed tomography (CT) abdominal scan revealed a 11 cm right adrenal mass. This lesion was well circumscribed, round, encapsulated. After iodinated-contrast we observed a progressive, inhomogeneous enhancement without evidence of active bleeding and with pre-operative diagnosis of adrenal hemangioma. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed by a transperitoneal flank approach. Pathological examination revealed a 11 cm adrenal mass with extensive central necrotic areas mixed to sinusoidal dilation and fibrotic septa. Postoperative diagnosis was adrenal hemangioma. Discussion Adrenal hemangiomas occur infrequently. Generally these adrenal masses are non-functioning and there is no specific symptoms. Recent records demonstrate that laparoscopic adrenalectomy is technically safe and feasible for large adrenal tumors, but controversy exists in cases of suspected malignancy. We choose laparoscopic approach to adrenal gland on the basis of preoperative CT abdominal scan that excludes radiological signs of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) such as peri-adrenal infiltration and vascular invasion. Conclusion Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is considered the standard treatment in case of diagnosis of benign lesions. In this case report we discussed a large adrenal cavernous hemangioma treated with laparoscopic approach. Fundamental is the study of preoperative endocrine disorders and radiologic findings to exclude signs of malignancy.

AB - Introduction Cavernous hemangioma of the adrenal gland is a rare benign tumor. The diagnosis is often postoperative on histological exam with the presence of blood-filled, dilated vascular spaces. Presentation of case We report the clinical case of a 49 years-old woman who came to our observation with aspecific abdominal pain. A computed tomography (CT) abdominal scan revealed a 11 cm right adrenal mass. This lesion was well circumscribed, round, encapsulated. After iodinated-contrast we observed a progressive, inhomogeneous enhancement without evidence of active bleeding and with pre-operative diagnosis of adrenal hemangioma. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed by a transperitoneal flank approach. Pathological examination revealed a 11 cm adrenal mass with extensive central necrotic areas mixed to sinusoidal dilation and fibrotic septa. Postoperative diagnosis was adrenal hemangioma. Discussion Adrenal hemangiomas occur infrequently. Generally these adrenal masses are non-functioning and there is no specific symptoms. Recent records demonstrate that laparoscopic adrenalectomy is technically safe and feasible for large adrenal tumors, but controversy exists in cases of suspected malignancy. We choose laparoscopic approach to adrenal gland on the basis of preoperative CT abdominal scan that excludes radiological signs of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) such as peri-adrenal infiltration and vascular invasion. Conclusion Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is considered the standard treatment in case of diagnosis of benign lesions. In this case report we discussed a large adrenal cavernous hemangioma treated with laparoscopic approach. Fundamental is the study of preoperative endocrine disorders and radiologic findings to exclude signs of malignancy.

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