Laparoscopic management of adrenal tumors: a four-year experience in a single center

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Abstract

AIM: Today laparoscopy is considered the first choice treatment of many adrenal tumors, although its use is still controversial for large adrenal masses and incidentally found adrenal cortical carcinoma. METHODS: From January 2009 to February 2014 we performed 42 lateral transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomies. The indications for surgery were non-functioning adenoma larger than 4 cm or rapid growth and hormone-secreting tumor. The diagnosis was confirmed in all cases with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging and also metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy if pheochromocytoma was suspected. In all cases we realized a complete preoperative hormonal study. We describe and analyzed retrospectively: age, side, indication for surgery, tumor size, length of hospital stay, complication and conversion rate. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with functional tumors and 20 with non functional tumor were subjected to laparoscopic adrenalectomy. There was no conversion to open surgery. Mean operative time was 120 min and estimated blood loss was 80 mL (range 50-350). There was no mortality or major complications. The average length of hospital stay was 3.5 day. During pheocromocitoma removal hypertension occurred in 2 cases. Patient with aldosteroma became normotensive and no required postoperative antihypertensive therapy. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a standard safe procedure for adrenal surgery. The risk of encountering incidental adrenal cortical cancer increases for large lesions and additional attention is required in these cases to observe oncologic surgical principles. Pre-operative work –up has a primary role in adrenal surgery. An accurate management of adrenal tumors requires an agreement among radiologist, endocrinologist, oncologist and surgeon. Previus abdominal surgery does not constituite a contraindication to laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)125-129
Numero di pagine5
RivistaMinerva Chirurgica
Volume69
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

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Glandular and Epithelial Neoplasms
Adrenalectomy
Length of Stay
Neoplasms
Adrenal Gland Neoplasms
Adrenocortical Carcinoma
Conversion to Open Surgery
Pheochromocytoma
Operative Time
Radionuclide Imaging
Adenoma
Laparoscopy
Antihypertensive Agents
Growth Hormone
Tomography
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Hypertension
Mortality
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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@article{5331b639c25146358452f9c475447085,
title = "Laparoscopic management of adrenal tumors: a four-year experience in a single center",
abstract = "AIM: Today laparoscopy is considered the first choice treatment of many adrenal tumors, although its use is still controversial for large adrenal masses and incidentally found adrenal cortical carcinoma. METHODS: From January 2009 to February 2014 we performed 42 lateral transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomies. The indications for surgery were non-functioning adenoma larger than 4 cm or rapid growth and hormone-secreting tumor. The diagnosis was confirmed in all cases with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging and also metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy if pheochromocytoma was suspected. In all cases we realized a complete preoperative hormonal study. We describe and analyzed retrospectively: age, side, indication for surgery, tumor size, length of hospital stay, complication and conversion rate. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with functional tumors and 20 with non functional tumor were subjected to laparoscopic adrenalectomy. There was no conversion to open surgery. Mean operative time was 120 min and estimated blood loss was 80 mL (range 50-350). There was no mortality or major complications. The average length of hospital stay was 3.5 day. During pheocromocitoma removal hypertension occurred in 2 cases. Patient with aldosteroma became normotensive and no required postoperative antihypertensive therapy. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a standard safe procedure for adrenal surgery. The risk of encountering incidental adrenal cortical cancer increases for large lesions and additional attention is required in these cases to observe oncologic surgical principles. Pre-operative work –up has a primary role in adrenal surgery. An accurate management of adrenal tumors requires an agreement among radiologist, endocrinologist, oncologist and surgeon. Previus abdominal surgery does not constituite a contraindication to laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy.",
author = "Gaspare Gulotta and Giorgio Romano and Antonino Agrusa and Giuseppe Frazzetta and Daniela Chianetta and {Di Buono}, Giuseppe and Vincenzo Sorce",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
volume = "69",
pages = "125--129",
journal = "Minerva Chirurgica",
issn = "0026-4733",
publisher = "Edizioni Minerva Medica S.p.A.",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Laparoscopic management of adrenal tumors: a four-year experience in a single center

AU - Gulotta, Gaspare

AU - Romano, Giorgio

AU - Agrusa, Antonino

AU - Frazzetta, Giuseppe

AU - Chianetta, Daniela

AU - Di Buono, Giuseppe

AU - Sorce, Vincenzo

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - AIM: Today laparoscopy is considered the first choice treatment of many adrenal tumors, although its use is still controversial for large adrenal masses and incidentally found adrenal cortical carcinoma. METHODS: From January 2009 to February 2014 we performed 42 lateral transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomies. The indications for surgery were non-functioning adenoma larger than 4 cm or rapid growth and hormone-secreting tumor. The diagnosis was confirmed in all cases with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging and also metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy if pheochromocytoma was suspected. In all cases we realized a complete preoperative hormonal study. We describe and analyzed retrospectively: age, side, indication for surgery, tumor size, length of hospital stay, complication and conversion rate. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with functional tumors and 20 with non functional tumor were subjected to laparoscopic adrenalectomy. There was no conversion to open surgery. Mean operative time was 120 min and estimated blood loss was 80 mL (range 50-350). There was no mortality or major complications. The average length of hospital stay was 3.5 day. During pheocromocitoma removal hypertension occurred in 2 cases. Patient with aldosteroma became normotensive and no required postoperative antihypertensive therapy. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a standard safe procedure for adrenal surgery. The risk of encountering incidental adrenal cortical cancer increases for large lesions and additional attention is required in these cases to observe oncologic surgical principles. Pre-operative work –up has a primary role in adrenal surgery. An accurate management of adrenal tumors requires an agreement among radiologist, endocrinologist, oncologist and surgeon. Previus abdominal surgery does not constituite a contraindication to laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy.

AB - AIM: Today laparoscopy is considered the first choice treatment of many adrenal tumors, although its use is still controversial for large adrenal masses and incidentally found adrenal cortical carcinoma. METHODS: From January 2009 to February 2014 we performed 42 lateral transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomies. The indications for surgery were non-functioning adenoma larger than 4 cm or rapid growth and hormone-secreting tumor. The diagnosis was confirmed in all cases with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging and also metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy if pheochromocytoma was suspected. In all cases we realized a complete preoperative hormonal study. We describe and analyzed retrospectively: age, side, indication for surgery, tumor size, length of hospital stay, complication and conversion rate. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with functional tumors and 20 with non functional tumor were subjected to laparoscopic adrenalectomy. There was no conversion to open surgery. Mean operative time was 120 min and estimated blood loss was 80 mL (range 50-350). There was no mortality or major complications. The average length of hospital stay was 3.5 day. During pheocromocitoma removal hypertension occurred in 2 cases. Patient with aldosteroma became normotensive and no required postoperative antihypertensive therapy. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a standard safe procedure for adrenal surgery. The risk of encountering incidental adrenal cortical cancer increases for large lesions and additional attention is required in these cases to observe oncologic surgical principles. Pre-operative work –up has a primary role in adrenal surgery. An accurate management of adrenal tumors requires an agreement among radiologist, endocrinologist, oncologist and surgeon. Previus abdominal surgery does not constituite a contraindication to laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/97635

M3 - Article

VL - 69

SP - 125

EP - 129

JO - Minerva Chirurgica

JF - Minerva Chirurgica

SN - 0026-4733

ER -