Abstract

Background: laparoscopic adrenalectomy has become the standard treatment for adrenal lesions. The better clinical outcoms of laparoscopic technique are valid for treatment of small benign masses (< 5-6 cm), instead there are still open questions in literature regarding the correct management of larger lesions (> 6 cm) or in case of potentially malignant adrenal tumors. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of laparoscopic adrenalectomy in a referral surgical department for endocrine surgery. Methods: at the University Hospital Policlinico "P. Giaccone" of Palermo between January 2010 and December 2017 we performed a total of 81 laparoscopic adrenalectomy. We created a retrospective database with analysis of patients data, morphologic and hormonal characteristics of adrenal lesions, surgical procedures and postoperative results with histological diagnosis and complications. Results: Mean size of adrenal neoplasm was 7,5 cm (range 1.5 to 18 cm). The mean operative time was 145 min (range 75-240). In statistical analysis lenght of surgery was correlated to the lesion diameter (p < 0.05) but not with pre-operative features or histological results. 5 intraoperative complications occurred. Among these patients 4 presented bleeding and 1 a diaphagmatic lesion. No conversion to open surgery was necessary and no intraoperative blood transfusion were required. Mean estimated blood loss was 95 ml (range 50-350). There was no capsular disruption during adrenal dissection. Mean length of hospital stay was 3.7 days (range 3-6 days). Conclusions: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe procedure with low rate of morbidity. An accurate preoperative radiological examination is fundamental to obtain a stringent patients selection. The lesion diameter is related to longer operative time and appeares as the main predictive parameter of intraoperative complications but these results are not statistically significant. On the other side secreting adrenal tumors require more attention in operative management without increased rate of postoperative complications.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine7
RivistaBMC Surgery
Volume18
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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Adrenalectomy
Glandular and Epithelial Neoplasms
Intraoperative Complications
Operative Time
Length of Stay
Adrenal Gland Neoplasms
Conversion to Open Surgery
Postoperative Care
Blood Transfusion
Patient Selection
Dissection
Referral and Consultation
Databases
Hemorrhage
Morbidity
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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title = "Laparoscopic adrenalectomy: Preoperative data, surgical technique and clinical outcomes",
abstract = "Background: laparoscopic adrenalectomy has become the standard treatment for adrenal lesions. The better clinical outcoms of laparoscopic technique are valid for treatment of small benign masses (< 5-6 cm), instead there are still open questions in literature regarding the correct management of larger lesions (> 6 cm) or in case of potentially malignant adrenal tumors. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of laparoscopic adrenalectomy in a referral surgical department for endocrine surgery. Methods: at the University Hospital Policlinico {"}P. Giaccone{"} of Palermo between January 2010 and December 2017 we performed a total of 81 laparoscopic adrenalectomy. We created a retrospective database with analysis of patients data, morphologic and hormonal characteristics of adrenal lesions, surgical procedures and postoperative results with histological diagnosis and complications. Results: Mean size of adrenal neoplasm was 7,5 cm (range 1.5 to 18 cm). The mean operative time was 145 min (range 75-240). In statistical analysis lenght of surgery was correlated to the lesion diameter (p < 0.05) but not with pre-operative features or histological results. 5 intraoperative complications occurred. Among these patients 4 presented bleeding and 1 a diaphagmatic lesion. No conversion to open surgery was necessary and no intraoperative blood transfusion were required. Mean estimated blood loss was 95 ml (range 50-350). There was no capsular disruption during adrenal dissection. Mean length of hospital stay was 3.7 days (range 3-6 days). Conclusions: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe procedure with low rate of morbidity. An accurate preoperative radiological examination is fundamental to obtain a stringent patients selection. The lesion diameter is related to longer operative time and appeares as the main predictive parameter of intraoperative complications but these results are not statistically significant. On the other side secreting adrenal tumors require more attention in operative management without increased rate of postoperative complications.",
keywords = "Adrenal Incidentaloma, Adrenalectomy, Cushing syndrome, Endocrine surgery, Laparoscopic adrenalectomy, Laparoscopic surgery, Surgery",
author = "Giorgio Romano and Domenico Albano and Eliana Gulotta and Salvatore Buscemi and Antonino Agrusa and Girolamo Geraci and Massimo Galia and {Di Buono}, Giuseppe and {Lo Monte}, {Attilio Ignazio} and Roberto Citarrella and Palumbo, {Vincenzo Davide} and Salvatore Fazzotta and Vincenzo Sorce",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
journal = "BMC Surgery",
issn = "1471-2482",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Laparoscopic adrenalectomy: Preoperative data, surgical technique and clinical outcomes

AU - Romano, Giorgio

AU - Albano, Domenico

AU - Gulotta, Eliana

AU - Buscemi, Salvatore

AU - Agrusa, Antonino

AU - Geraci, Girolamo

AU - Galia, Massimo

AU - Di Buono, Giuseppe

AU - Lo Monte, Attilio Ignazio

AU - Citarrella, Roberto

AU - Palumbo, Vincenzo Davide

AU - Fazzotta, Salvatore

AU - Sorce, Vincenzo

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: laparoscopic adrenalectomy has become the standard treatment for adrenal lesions. The better clinical outcoms of laparoscopic technique are valid for treatment of small benign masses (< 5-6 cm), instead there are still open questions in literature regarding the correct management of larger lesions (> 6 cm) or in case of potentially malignant adrenal tumors. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of laparoscopic adrenalectomy in a referral surgical department for endocrine surgery. Methods: at the University Hospital Policlinico "P. Giaccone" of Palermo between January 2010 and December 2017 we performed a total of 81 laparoscopic adrenalectomy. We created a retrospective database with analysis of patients data, morphologic and hormonal characteristics of adrenal lesions, surgical procedures and postoperative results with histological diagnosis and complications. Results: Mean size of adrenal neoplasm was 7,5 cm (range 1.5 to 18 cm). The mean operative time was 145 min (range 75-240). In statistical analysis lenght of surgery was correlated to the lesion diameter (p < 0.05) but not with pre-operative features or histological results. 5 intraoperative complications occurred. Among these patients 4 presented bleeding and 1 a diaphagmatic lesion. No conversion to open surgery was necessary and no intraoperative blood transfusion were required. Mean estimated blood loss was 95 ml (range 50-350). There was no capsular disruption during adrenal dissection. Mean length of hospital stay was 3.7 days (range 3-6 days). Conclusions: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe procedure with low rate of morbidity. An accurate preoperative radiological examination is fundamental to obtain a stringent patients selection. The lesion diameter is related to longer operative time and appeares as the main predictive parameter of intraoperative complications but these results are not statistically significant. On the other side secreting adrenal tumors require more attention in operative management without increased rate of postoperative complications.

AB - Background: laparoscopic adrenalectomy has become the standard treatment for adrenal lesions. The better clinical outcoms of laparoscopic technique are valid for treatment of small benign masses (< 5-6 cm), instead there are still open questions in literature regarding the correct management of larger lesions (> 6 cm) or in case of potentially malignant adrenal tumors. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of laparoscopic adrenalectomy in a referral surgical department for endocrine surgery. Methods: at the University Hospital Policlinico "P. Giaccone" of Palermo between January 2010 and December 2017 we performed a total of 81 laparoscopic adrenalectomy. We created a retrospective database with analysis of patients data, morphologic and hormonal characteristics of adrenal lesions, surgical procedures and postoperative results with histological diagnosis and complications. Results: Mean size of adrenal neoplasm was 7,5 cm (range 1.5 to 18 cm). The mean operative time was 145 min (range 75-240). In statistical analysis lenght of surgery was correlated to the lesion diameter (p < 0.05) but not with pre-operative features or histological results. 5 intraoperative complications occurred. Among these patients 4 presented bleeding and 1 a diaphagmatic lesion. No conversion to open surgery was necessary and no intraoperative blood transfusion were required. Mean estimated blood loss was 95 ml (range 50-350). There was no capsular disruption during adrenal dissection. Mean length of hospital stay was 3.7 days (range 3-6 days). Conclusions: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe procedure with low rate of morbidity. An accurate preoperative radiological examination is fundamental to obtain a stringent patients selection. The lesion diameter is related to longer operative time and appeares as the main predictive parameter of intraoperative complications but these results are not statistically significant. On the other side secreting adrenal tumors require more attention in operative management without increased rate of postoperative complications.

KW - Adrenal Incidentaloma

KW - Adrenalectomy

KW - Cushing syndrome

KW - Endocrine surgery

KW - Laparoscopic adrenalectomy

KW - Laparoscopic surgery

KW - Surgery

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/354488

UR - http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcsurg

M3 - Article

VL - 18

JO - BMC Surgery

JF - BMC Surgery

SN - 1471-2482

ER -