LA SFIDA CONTEMPORANEA DELLA TRADIZIONE COSTRUTTIVA: RICOSTRUIRE LO SPAZIO. SISTEMI VOLTATI IN PIETRA REALIZZATI IN CANTIERE E NEI LABORATORI DIDATTICI UNIVERSITARI

Tiziana Campisi, Mario Li Castri

Risultato della ricerca: Other

Abstract

During recovery and/or inside restoration sites, as well as in the multiple and versatilemeanings of researches about construction history, it’s not infrequent to chance uponstereotomy studies related to the analysis and revival of stony vaulted systems, sometimesoriginal for constitutive geometry, masonry typology, preliminary carpentry works. Theintuitions of the original designer, the codification of the “rule of art” deduced fromspecific treatises, become fundamental elements for the so-called “knowledge buildingyard”, a preparatory phase when we have to intervene rebuilding these vaulted systemssince they disappeared as a result of collapses, uncultivated demolitions or twisting oforiginal buildings. The result is that to have really available some chapters of “technicalarchitecture” taken from contemporary archival-construction documents, from the onsite interpretation of studying buildings, for which construction history does not remaina dead language but also today a contemporary way to intervene, the only one usefulto suggest the guidelines that direct a philological reconstruction, able also to dictatethe stony materials to be used, the cutting ways of stone, the techniques of realizing thevaulting systems, finally even the possible measures to be introduced for technologicalstructuralimprovement, as well as for the attenuation of seismic vulnerability. The studyof the first stereotomy genesis and the executive phase - often linked to the artisanalexpertise of entire categories of specialized workers - can turn out to be a key applied notonly to building yard but also to university teaching with the proposition - in the DegreeCourses of Engineering and Architecture - of specific practical workshops/laboratoriesthat develop the students/future designers a “know-how” that can be easily spent onprofessional benefits. This study aims to describe study cases and applied researches, alsoexperiences taken directly from Sicilian restoration and recovery building yards as wellas telling the didactic experience of “stereotomy workshop” carried out both in 2016 andthis year inside the degree courses (LM4) at the Department of Architecture in Palermo.
Lingua originaleItalian
Pagine22-31
Numero di pagine10
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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