Extramural rehabilitation and the donum/munus of time restored With reference to contemporary sociological literature, this paper analyses the statistical data of the last few years (using Istat sources) regarding the number of inmates in the 206 penitentiaries in Italy, and focuses on the function of “alternative measures” to actual detention. These measures denote institutes that apply what is known as re-integration via “external penal operations”, offering an alternative to the ordinary system of penal justice, as characterized by the penal process and incarceration; conversely, they aim to avoid confinement in penitentiaries and to reduce the length of the sentence. In order to verify the cogency, the author carried out ten biographical interviews with inmates serving a suspended sentence at the Casa Circondariale in Trapani. The results of the research highlight how the measures for external penal activity are based on subtracting time from the life of the inmate, it being transformed into “donated time”, via the work he/she has carried out. “Donum-munus” time becomes the vehicle for a process of reconstructing the inmate’s identity and his/her eventual reintegration into the outside world. Through this extramural rehabilitation, the Law does not simply take away the inmate’s time, but consents a programme of rebuilding of the self and the creation of a relationship of acknowledgement between those operating on behalf of the Institution and those subjected to alternative measures of incarceration. This exchange of “gifts” is not based on equivalent assets and the “trial period” then becomes “a favour that is granted without actually offering anything nor with anybody giving anything”. It amounts to practically nothing, except for the person’s time and the time for the person.
|Numero di pagine||20|
|Rivista||STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA|
|Volume||Studi di Sociologia N. 2/2014|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2014|