Knowledge about tuberculosis among undergraduate health care students in 15 Italian universities: a cross-sectional study

Maria Valeria Torregrossa, Maria Fatima Massenti, Licia Veronesi, Giovanni Battista Orsi, Domenico Martinelli, Maria Franca Coscia, Giuseppe Michele Masanotti, Gabriele Messina, Silvio Tafuri, Antonella Agodi, Angelo Fortunato, Margherita Ferrante, Giovanni Sotgiu, Alessia Quaranta, Armando Stefanati, Paolo Montuori, Stefano Tardivo, Francesco Auxilia, Beatrice Casini, Cesira PasquarellaIda Mura, Cinzia Germinario, Anna Maria Tortorano, Marcello Mario D'Errico, Raffaele Zarrilli, Christian Napoli, Maria Teresa Montagna

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

20 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

BackgroundThe Italian Study Group on Hospital Hygiene of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health conducted a multicentre survey aiming to evaluate undergraduate health care students? knowledge of tuberculosis and tuberculosis control measures in Italy.MethodsIn October 2012?June 2013, a sample of medical and nursing students from 15 Italian universities were enrolled on a voluntary basis and asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire investigating both general knowledge of tuberculosis (aetiology, clinical presentation, outcome, screening methods) and personal experiences and practices related to tuberculosis prevention. Data were analysed through multivariable regression using Stata software.ResultsThe sample consisted of 2,220 students in nursing (72.6%) and medicine (27.4%) courses. Our findings clearly showed that medical students had a better knowledge of tuberculosis than did nursing students.Although the vast majority of the sample (up to 95%) answered questions about tuberculosis aetiology correctly, only 60% of the students gave the correct responses regarding clinical aspects and vaccine details. Overall, 66.9% of the students had been screened for tuberculosis, but less than 20% of those with a negative result on the tuberculin skin test were vaccinated. Multivariable regression analysis showed that age and type of study programme (nursing vs. medical course) were determinants of answering the questions correctly.ConclusionsAlthough our data showed sufficient knowledge on tuberculosis, this survey underlines the considerable need for improvement in knowledge about the disease, especially among nursing students. In light of the scientific recommendations concerning tuberculosis knowledge among students, progress of current health care curricula aimed to develop students? skills in this field is needed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)970-984
Numero di pagine14
RivistaBMC Public Health
Volume14
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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