Kinetic and equilibrium study for cadmium and copper removal from aqueous solutions by sorption onto mixed alginate/pectin gel beads

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Abstract

Kinetic and equilibrium studies have been carried out to evaluate Cd(II) and Cu(II) sorption from aqueoussolution by calcium alginate and new synthesized hybrid calcium alginate/pectate gel beads withdifferent alginate/pectate concentration ratios. Physical and chemical properties of the beads werecharacterized by different techniques (SEM, EDX, TGA). The best experimental pH conditions wereselected on the basis of a study on the acid–base properties of pectin and alginate in aqueous solution and their ability to act as sequestering agents for copper(II) and cadmium(II) ions. Calcium released during the sorption process was determined in order to elucidate a possible ion exchange mechanism between calciumof the beads and metal ions in solution. Sorption kinetics andmetal sorption capacity ofgel beads were investigated in batch mode. Measurements of Cd2+, Cu2+ and Ca2+ concentration were carried out by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Results obtained showed that for all the studied systems the sorption process follows a pseudo-second order kinetic model and the sorption rate increases when increasing pectin concentration in gel beads. Theequilibrium data were fitted by using both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms models. The highest copper and cadmiumsorption yields were obtained for beads containing a mixture of 2% alginate and 2% pectate. Ion exchange is the major mechanism governing the sorption process though other mechanisms are also taking place.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1252-1260
Numero di pagine9
RivistaJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Volume1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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alginate
Alginate
Cadmium
Sorption
Copper
cadmium
Gels
aqueous solution
gel
sorption
copper
kinetics
Kinetics
Calcium
calcium
Sequestering Agents
ion exchange
Ion exchange
Optical emission spectroscopy
ion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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title = "Kinetic and equilibrium study for cadmium and copper removal from aqueous solutions by sorption onto mixed alginate/pectin gel beads",
abstract = "Kinetic and equilibrium studies have been carried out to evaluate Cd(II) and Cu(II) sorption from aqueoussolution by calcium alginate and new synthesized hybrid calcium alginate/pectate gel beads withdifferent alginate/pectate concentration ratios. Physical and chemical properties of the beads werecharacterized by different techniques (SEM, EDX, TGA). The best experimental pH conditions wereselected on the basis of a study on the acid–base properties of pectin and alginate in aqueous solution and their ability to act as sequestering agents for copper(II) and cadmium(II) ions. Calcium released during the sorption process was determined in order to elucidate a possible ion exchange mechanism between calciumof the beads and metal ions in solution. Sorption kinetics andmetal sorption capacity ofgel beads were investigated in batch mode. Measurements of Cd2+, Cu2+ and Ca2+ concentration were carried out by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Results obtained showed that for all the studied systems the sorption process follows a pseudo-second order kinetic model and the sorption rate increases when increasing pectin concentration in gel beads. Theequilibrium data were fitted by using both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms models. The highest copper and cadmiumsorption yields were obtained for beads containing a mixture of 2{\%} alginate and 2{\%} pectate. Ion exchange is the major mechanism governing the sorption process though other mechanisms are also taking place.",
author = "Daniela Piazzese and Antonio Gianguzza and Alberto Pettignano and Giuseppe Lazzara and Salvatore Cataldo and Giuseppe Cavallaro and Isabel Villaescusa",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "1252--1260",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering",
issn = "2213-3437",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Kinetic and equilibrium study for cadmium and copper removal from aqueous solutions by sorption onto mixed alginate/pectin gel beads

AU - Piazzese, Daniela

AU - Gianguzza, Antonio

AU - Pettignano, Alberto

AU - Lazzara, Giuseppe

AU - Cataldo, Salvatore

AU - Cavallaro, Giuseppe

AU - Villaescusa, Isabel

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Kinetic and equilibrium studies have been carried out to evaluate Cd(II) and Cu(II) sorption from aqueoussolution by calcium alginate and new synthesized hybrid calcium alginate/pectate gel beads withdifferent alginate/pectate concentration ratios. Physical and chemical properties of the beads werecharacterized by different techniques (SEM, EDX, TGA). The best experimental pH conditions wereselected on the basis of a study on the acid–base properties of pectin and alginate in aqueous solution and their ability to act as sequestering agents for copper(II) and cadmium(II) ions. Calcium released during the sorption process was determined in order to elucidate a possible ion exchange mechanism between calciumof the beads and metal ions in solution. Sorption kinetics andmetal sorption capacity ofgel beads were investigated in batch mode. Measurements of Cd2+, Cu2+ and Ca2+ concentration were carried out by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Results obtained showed that for all the studied systems the sorption process follows a pseudo-second order kinetic model and the sorption rate increases when increasing pectin concentration in gel beads. Theequilibrium data were fitted by using both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms models. The highest copper and cadmiumsorption yields were obtained for beads containing a mixture of 2% alginate and 2% pectate. Ion exchange is the major mechanism governing the sorption process though other mechanisms are also taking place.

AB - Kinetic and equilibrium studies have been carried out to evaluate Cd(II) and Cu(II) sorption from aqueoussolution by calcium alginate and new synthesized hybrid calcium alginate/pectate gel beads withdifferent alginate/pectate concentration ratios. Physical and chemical properties of the beads werecharacterized by different techniques (SEM, EDX, TGA). The best experimental pH conditions wereselected on the basis of a study on the acid–base properties of pectin and alginate in aqueous solution and their ability to act as sequestering agents for copper(II) and cadmium(II) ions. Calcium released during the sorption process was determined in order to elucidate a possible ion exchange mechanism between calciumof the beads and metal ions in solution. Sorption kinetics andmetal sorption capacity ofgel beads were investigated in batch mode. Measurements of Cd2+, Cu2+ and Ca2+ concentration were carried out by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Results obtained showed that for all the studied systems the sorption process follows a pseudo-second order kinetic model and the sorption rate increases when increasing pectin concentration in gel beads. Theequilibrium data were fitted by using both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms models. The highest copper and cadmiumsorption yields were obtained for beads containing a mixture of 2% alginate and 2% pectate. Ion exchange is the major mechanism governing the sorption process though other mechanisms are also taking place.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/97141

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2013.09.012

M3 - Article

VL - 1

SP - 1252

EP - 1260

JO - Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering

JF - Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering

SN - 2213-3437

ER -