The empirical Karplus-type dependence of 3J(119Sn,13C) and 3J(119Sn,1H) couplings in organotin(IV) derivatives has been computationally validated by DFT methods both at the nonrelativistic and scalar ZORA relativistic level. A preliminary calibration of the computational protocols, by comparing experimental and calculated couplings for a set of suitable rigid molecules, revealed their high predictive power: in particular, relativistic results for 3J(119Sn,13C) have a mean absolute error of just above 2 Hz, over a range of values up to about 70 Hz. The latter protocol has then been used to study in detail the influence of substituents and multiple paths connecting the coupled nuclei on the vicinal coupling constants.Some conformational issues have been also considered.Significant effects have been observed and theoreticalKarplus-type curves for some representative systems havebeen proposed and discussed. It appears that general equations for vicinal 119Sn-1H and 119Sn-13C couplings cannot be derived, although the shape of the curves is preserved with |3J(0°)| < |3J(180°)| and 3J(90°) ≈ 0 Hz.
|Numero di pagine||9|
|Rivista||European Journal of Organic Chemistry|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2009|
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