Istanze biotine in Sicilia tra storia, restauro e modernismo e il caso del restauro del castello di Mussomeli

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In Sicily, the influence of Camillo Boito in the architectural culture between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries spreads according to the inseparable connection between restoration, historical studies and design of new architectures; we can find moreover this connection in the personality of Boito himself.The influence of Boito in the Sicilian culture is also due not only to the notoriety of his thought but also to his involvement in the context of some specific events in Sicily.In fact, on behalf of the new centralized Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione, at the end of the nineteenth century, he went many times in Sicily as a member of ministerial committees to resolve various issues born about the restoration of important monuments such as the Chiaramonte Palace in Palermo, Giudecca Palace in Trapani and the so called Badiazza Church in Messina.Moreover, between the nineteenth and early twentieth century Boito met several times some of the protagonists of the architectural culture of Sicily as Antonino Salinas, Ernesto Basile and Giuseppe Patricolo, on the occasion of architecture competitions or events related to the restoration of monuments.Is useful to remember that its punctual reasoning, converged in the book Architettura del Medio Evo in Italia, about Sicilian art, which he singularly defined «romano-bisantino-arabo-normanno-sicula» and the subsequent confirmation, at national level, of its role in the definition of Venetian art and, therefore, of '"National art", influenced certainly in the debate on style and design culture of the island. This culture is in fact present in the work of Ernesto Basile and his followers, like Francesco Fichera, Saverio Frangipane, Salvatore Benfratello and the same Ernesto Armò, who looked at the operative models offered by Boito and his disciples, as Beltrami, D'Andrade and Moretti.Starting from Ernesto Basile these figures, representatives of modernism in various ways, they provided too large contributions to the history of architecture and the Sicilian style, as well as to the debate and practice of restoration of monuments, according to the union between the disciplines mentioned above.As a demonstration of this multi-faceted cultural and professional setting, this essay aims to investigate the figure of Ernesto Armò (1867-1924), a native of Palermo, but having education in Turin. He shows in fact to implement the lessons learned from Boito and, more generally, the European cultural environment.At the end of the nineteenth century in Sicily, the Ufficio regionale per la conservazione dei monumenti, directed by Giuseppe Patricolo, promoted the restoration of many ancient monuments in Norman style, accompanied by controversy and inspections by the Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione. Instead, in the same time, historical studies and restoration of the Sicilian Castle of Mussomeli by the architect Armò, completed in 1909, provide an opportunity to experience the one hand the dictates contained in the royal decree and circular of the Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione of July 21, 1882, called “Restauri degli edifizi monumentali”, but also the amendments to the same law, submitted by Camillo Boito, as chairman of the section on the restoration in the IV Congress of Engineers and Architects, held in Rome in January 1883.In various regions, in the restoration of castles architects practiced especially ideal medieval style in vogue at that time, so the choice of the case study of the Castle of Mussomeli (in the Province of Caltanissetta) is also justified because, in Sicily too, castles lent
Lingua originaleItalian
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteCamillo Boito moderno
Numero di pagine14
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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