ABSTRACT: Background. There is increasing popularity among eliteathletes to endorse altitude training to enhance performance levels. Altitudetraining may be used for enhanced performance at sea level, or to acclimatiseto a competition at altitude. Enhancement of muscle oxidative capacity,muscle glycolytic capacity, skeletal muscle oxygenation, oxygen transportand storage within the muscle, and hormonal regulation have been reportedwith altitude training. Aim. The aim of this review is to analyse currentknowledge on hypoxic training and its possible relation to enhancedendurance performance. This paper will consider factors including theprocess of enhanced sea level performance in relation to natural hypoxicexposures to altitude conditions. Methods. A literature search wasperformed from the years 1968 to 2011 on the electronic databasesPUBMED. Key search words included endurance, altitude and performance.Results/Conclusion. This brief review has highlighted the lack ofhomogeneity in the scientific approach to the evaluation of hypoxic exposureeffectiveness in endurance performance. However, relevant performancebenefits have been shown in several studies and represent a realistic supportin order not to exclude the possibility to implement altitude training in theannual training plan of endurance athletes.
|Numero di pagine||10|
|Rivista||RIVISTA DELLA FACOLTÀ DI SCIENZE MOTORIE DELL'UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI PALERMO|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2012|