Background: Isoindolo[2,1-alpha] quinoxalines constitute an important class of compounds which demonstrated potent antiproliferative activity against different human tumor cell lines and topoisomerase I inhibitors. In particular, their water soluble imine or iminium salts recently synthesized showed potent growth inhibitory effect on NCI-60 tumor cell line panel and biological studies performed on the most active compounds demonstrated that they cause DNA damage via topoisomerase I poisoning.Objective: Herein, we investigate with molecular modeling methods, the common features responsible for topoisomerase I inhibition of the water-soluble isoindolo[2,1-alpha] quinoxalin-6-imines, by comparing them with known inhibitors.Methods: Different X-ray crystallographic structures with co-crystallized inhibitors were investigated and their binding modes were analyzed. The structures of the inhibitors were also compared through a pharmacophore analysis. As a validation of our docking method, the co-crystallized inhibitors were re-docked.Conclusion: Our docking studies performed on Isoindolo[2,1-alpha] quinoxalines and other inhibitors revealed very important common features responsible for topoisomerase I inhibition that can improve the design of new inhibitors.
|Numero di pagine||14|
|Rivista||Current Computer-Aided Drug Design|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2017|
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