Investigation and control of a Norovirus outbreak of probable waterborne transmission through a municipal groundwater system.

Claudio Costantino, Giuseppa Purpari, Francesco Vitale, Caterina Mammina, Giuseppe Calamusa, Simona De Grazia, Giovanni Giammanco, Carmelo Massimo Maida, Ilaria Di Bartolo, Gaetano Geraci, Girolama Bosco, Agata Petralia, Vittorio Spoto, Giusi Macaluso, Giuseppa Purpari, Franco M. Ruggeri, Annalisa Guercio

Risultato della ricerca: Article

15 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

During March 2011 an outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred in Santo Stefano di Quisquina, Agrigento, Sicily, Italy. Within two weeks 156 cases were identified among the 4,965 people living in the municipality. An epidemiological investigation was conducted to characterize the outbreak and target the control measures. A case was defined as a person developing diarrhea or vomiting during February 27-March 13, 2011. Stool specimens were collected from 12 cases. Norovirus (NoV) genotype GII.4 variant New Orleans 2009 was identified in stool samples from 11 of 12 cases tested (91.7%). Epidemiological investigations suggested a possible association with municipal drinking water consumption. Water samples from the public water system were tested for NoV and a variety of genotypes were detected during the first 3 months of surveillance, including GII.4 strains belonging to different variants from that involved in the gastroenteritis outbreak. Contamination of the well and springs supplying the public water network was eventually thought to be the source of the NoV contamination.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)452-464
Numero di pagine13
RivistaJournal of Water and Health
Volume12
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Norovirus
Groundwater
Disease Outbreaks
gastroenteritis
Gastroenteritis
groundwater
Water
genotype
Genotype
Sicily
Drinking Water
water
Italy
Drinking
Vomiting
Diarrhea
drinking water
public
contamination

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cita questo

Investigation and control of a Norovirus outbreak of probable waterborne transmission through a municipal groundwater system. / Costantino, Claudio; Purpari, Giuseppa; Vitale, Francesco; Mammina, Caterina; Calamusa, Giuseppe; De Grazia, Simona; Giammanco, Giovanni; Maida, Carmelo Massimo; Di Bartolo, Ilaria; Geraci, Gaetano; Bosco, Girolama; Petralia, Agata; Spoto, Vittorio; Macaluso, Giusi; Purpari, Giuseppa; Ruggeri, Franco M.; Guercio, Annalisa.

In: Journal of Water and Health, Vol. 12, 2014, pag. 452-464.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Costantino, Claudio ; Purpari, Giuseppa ; Vitale, Francesco ; Mammina, Caterina ; Calamusa, Giuseppe ; De Grazia, Simona ; Giammanco, Giovanni ; Maida, Carmelo Massimo ; Di Bartolo, Ilaria ; Geraci, Gaetano ; Bosco, Girolama ; Petralia, Agata ; Spoto, Vittorio ; Macaluso, Giusi ; Purpari, Giuseppa ; Ruggeri, Franco M. ; Guercio, Annalisa. / Investigation and control of a Norovirus outbreak of probable waterborne transmission through a municipal groundwater system. In: Journal of Water and Health. 2014 ; Vol. 12. pagg. 452-464.
@article{c646921a4d1c48c2a7100b24cdca5d9d,
title = "Investigation and control of a Norovirus outbreak of probable waterborne transmission through a municipal groundwater system.",
abstract = "During March 2011 an outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred in Santo Stefano di Quisquina, Agrigento, Sicily, Italy. Within two weeks 156 cases were identified among the 4,965 people living in the municipality. An epidemiological investigation was conducted to characterize the outbreak and target the control measures. A case was defined as a person developing diarrhea or vomiting during February 27-March 13, 2011. Stool specimens were collected from 12 cases. Norovirus (NoV) genotype GII.4 variant New Orleans 2009 was identified in stool samples from 11 of 12 cases tested (91.7{\%}). Epidemiological investigations suggested a possible association with municipal drinking water consumption. Water samples from the public water system were tested for NoV and a variety of genotypes were detected during the first 3 months of surveillance, including GII.4 strains belonging to different variants from that involved in the gastroenteritis outbreak. Contamination of the well and springs supplying the public water network was eventually thought to be the source of the NoV contamination.",
author = "Claudio Costantino and Giuseppa Purpari and Francesco Vitale and Caterina Mammina and Giuseppe Calamusa and {De Grazia}, Simona and Giovanni Giammanco and Maida, {Carmelo Massimo} and {Di Bartolo}, Ilaria and Gaetano Geraci and Girolama Bosco and Agata Petralia and Vittorio Spoto and Giusi Macaluso and Giuseppa Purpari and Ruggeri, {Franco M.} and Annalisa Guercio",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "452--464",
journal = "Journal of Water and Health",
issn = "1477-8920",
publisher = "IWA Publishing",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigation and control of a Norovirus outbreak of probable waterborne transmission through a municipal groundwater system.

AU - Costantino, Claudio

AU - Purpari, Giuseppa

AU - Vitale, Francesco

AU - Mammina, Caterina

AU - Calamusa, Giuseppe

AU - De Grazia, Simona

AU - Giammanco, Giovanni

AU - Maida, Carmelo Massimo

AU - Di Bartolo, Ilaria

AU - Geraci, Gaetano

AU - Bosco, Girolama

AU - Petralia, Agata

AU - Spoto, Vittorio

AU - Macaluso, Giusi

AU - Purpari, Giuseppa

AU - Ruggeri, Franco M.

AU - Guercio, Annalisa

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - During March 2011 an outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred in Santo Stefano di Quisquina, Agrigento, Sicily, Italy. Within two weeks 156 cases were identified among the 4,965 people living in the municipality. An epidemiological investigation was conducted to characterize the outbreak and target the control measures. A case was defined as a person developing diarrhea or vomiting during February 27-March 13, 2011. Stool specimens were collected from 12 cases. Norovirus (NoV) genotype GII.4 variant New Orleans 2009 was identified in stool samples from 11 of 12 cases tested (91.7%). Epidemiological investigations suggested a possible association with municipal drinking water consumption. Water samples from the public water system were tested for NoV and a variety of genotypes were detected during the first 3 months of surveillance, including GII.4 strains belonging to different variants from that involved in the gastroenteritis outbreak. Contamination of the well and springs supplying the public water network was eventually thought to be the source of the NoV contamination.

AB - During March 2011 an outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred in Santo Stefano di Quisquina, Agrigento, Sicily, Italy. Within two weeks 156 cases were identified among the 4,965 people living in the municipality. An epidemiological investigation was conducted to characterize the outbreak and target the control measures. A case was defined as a person developing diarrhea or vomiting during February 27-March 13, 2011. Stool specimens were collected from 12 cases. Norovirus (NoV) genotype GII.4 variant New Orleans 2009 was identified in stool samples from 11 of 12 cases tested (91.7%). Epidemiological investigations suggested a possible association with municipal drinking water consumption. Water samples from the public water system were tested for NoV and a variety of genotypes were detected during the first 3 months of surveillance, including GII.4 strains belonging to different variants from that involved in the gastroenteritis outbreak. Contamination of the well and springs supplying the public water network was eventually thought to be the source of the NoV contamination.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/97372

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 452

EP - 464

JO - Journal of Water and Health

JF - Journal of Water and Health

SN - 1477-8920

ER -