Intrarenal hemodynamics and carotid intima-media thickness in the metabolic syndrome

Santina Cottone, Salvatore Verga, Silvio Buscemi, Giovanni Cerasola, Alessandro Mattina, Andrea Re, Mariangela Arnone, Salvatore Citarda

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

Aims: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. We hypothesize that early vascular changes are already present at the time of diagnosis of MetS. The relationship of different measures of early vascular impairment with body fat distribution and the natural progression of MetS was examined in newly diagnosed subjects non-pharmacologically treated. Methods: 246 consecutively enrolled subjects were categorized according to the presence of MetS and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Intra-renal Doppler flow was used to ascertain resistive (RI) and pulsatility (PI) indices as markers of vascular resistance. Carotid intima-media thick- ness (IMT), cutis-rectis (CR) and rectis-aorta (RA) thicknesses were measured by ultrasono- graphy; RA/CR ratio was used as measure of body fat distribution. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, C-reactive protein, oxidative markers insulin and adiponectin blood concentra- tions were also measured. Results: Baseline characteristics demonstrated increasing trends in biochemical, inflam- matory, and oxidative parameters from MetS??, MetS+, to MetS+/T2D (p<0.001). After adjusting for age, the same increasing trends across the groups were observed in both sexes in IMT (p < 0.001), RI (p < 0.001) and PI (p < 0.001). IMT correlated with RI (r = 0.25; p < 0.001), PI (r = 0.26; p < 0.001), and RA/CR ratio (r = 0.43; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Carotid IMT and intra-renal resistances are elevated at an early stage in MetS and are associated with a dysregulated production of fat-derived hormones and cytokines.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine8
RivistaDefault journal
Volume2009
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

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Carotid Intima-Media Thickness
Hemodynamics
Body Fat Distribution
Aorta
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Blood Vessels
Cytokines
Kidney
Adiponectin
Vascular Resistance
C-Reactive Protein
Ultrasonography
Fats
Hormones
Insulin

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title = "Intrarenal hemodynamics and carotid intima-media thickness in the metabolic syndrome",
abstract = "Aims: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. We hypothesize that early vascular changes are already present at the time of diagnosis of MetS. The relationship of different measures of early vascular impairment with body fat distribution and the natural progression of MetS was examined in newly diagnosed subjects non-pharmacologically treated. Methods: 246 consecutively enrolled subjects were categorized according to the presence of MetS and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Intra-renal Doppler flow was used to ascertain resistive (RI) and pulsatility (PI) indices as markers of vascular resistance. Carotid intima-media thick- ness (IMT), cutis-rectis (CR) and rectis-aorta (RA) thicknesses were measured by ultrasono- graphy; RA/CR ratio was used as measure of body fat distribution. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, C-reactive protein, oxidative markers insulin and adiponectin blood concentra- tions were also measured. Results: Baseline characteristics demonstrated increasing trends in biochemical, inflam- matory, and oxidative parameters from MetS??, MetS+, to MetS+/T2D (p<0.001). After adjusting for age, the same increasing trends across the groups were observed in both sexes in IMT (p < 0.001), RI (p < 0.001) and PI (p < 0.001). IMT correlated with RI (r = 0.25; p < 0.001), PI (r = 0.26; p < 0.001), and RA/CR ratio (r = 0.43; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Carotid IMT and intra-renal resistances are elevated at an early stage in MetS and are associated with a dysregulated production of fat-derived hormones and cytokines.",
keywords = "obesit{\`a}, resistenze renali, sindrome metabolica, spessore intima-media carotideo",
author = "Santina Cottone and Salvatore Verga and Silvio Buscemi and Giovanni Cerasola and Alessandro Mattina and Andrea Re and Mariangela Arnone and Salvatore Citarda",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Intrarenal hemodynamics and carotid intima-media thickness in the metabolic syndrome

AU - Cottone, Santina

AU - Verga, Salvatore

AU - Buscemi, Silvio

AU - Cerasola, Giovanni

AU - Mattina, Alessandro

AU - Re, Andrea

AU - Arnone, Mariangela

AU - Citarda, Salvatore

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Aims: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. We hypothesize that early vascular changes are already present at the time of diagnosis of MetS. The relationship of different measures of early vascular impairment with body fat distribution and the natural progression of MetS was examined in newly diagnosed subjects non-pharmacologically treated. Methods: 246 consecutively enrolled subjects were categorized according to the presence of MetS and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Intra-renal Doppler flow was used to ascertain resistive (RI) and pulsatility (PI) indices as markers of vascular resistance. Carotid intima-media thick- ness (IMT), cutis-rectis (CR) and rectis-aorta (RA) thicknesses were measured by ultrasono- graphy; RA/CR ratio was used as measure of body fat distribution. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, C-reactive protein, oxidative markers insulin and adiponectin blood concentra- tions were also measured. Results: Baseline characteristics demonstrated increasing trends in biochemical, inflam- matory, and oxidative parameters from MetS??, MetS+, to MetS+/T2D (p<0.001). After adjusting for age, the same increasing trends across the groups were observed in both sexes in IMT (p < 0.001), RI (p < 0.001) and PI (p < 0.001). IMT correlated with RI (r = 0.25; p < 0.001), PI (r = 0.26; p < 0.001), and RA/CR ratio (r = 0.43; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Carotid IMT and intra-renal resistances are elevated at an early stage in MetS and are associated with a dysregulated production of fat-derived hormones and cytokines.

AB - Aims: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. We hypothesize that early vascular changes are already present at the time of diagnosis of MetS. The relationship of different measures of early vascular impairment with body fat distribution and the natural progression of MetS was examined in newly diagnosed subjects non-pharmacologically treated. Methods: 246 consecutively enrolled subjects were categorized according to the presence of MetS and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Intra-renal Doppler flow was used to ascertain resistive (RI) and pulsatility (PI) indices as markers of vascular resistance. Carotid intima-media thick- ness (IMT), cutis-rectis (CR) and rectis-aorta (RA) thicknesses were measured by ultrasono- graphy; RA/CR ratio was used as measure of body fat distribution. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, C-reactive protein, oxidative markers insulin and adiponectin blood concentra- tions were also measured. Results: Baseline characteristics demonstrated increasing trends in biochemical, inflam- matory, and oxidative parameters from MetS??, MetS+, to MetS+/T2D (p<0.001). After adjusting for age, the same increasing trends across the groups were observed in both sexes in IMT (p < 0.001), RI (p < 0.001) and PI (p < 0.001). IMT correlated with RI (r = 0.25; p < 0.001), PI (r = 0.26; p < 0.001), and RA/CR ratio (r = 0.43; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Carotid IMT and intra-renal resistances are elevated at an early stage in MetS and are associated with a dysregulated production of fat-derived hormones and cytokines.

KW - obesità

KW - resistenze renali

KW - sindrome metabolica

KW - spessore intima-media carotideo

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/39773

M3 - Article

VL - 2009

JO - Default journal

JF - Default journal

ER -