Intraoperative cell salvage in ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms

Guido Bajardi, Umberto Marcello Bracale, Felice Pecoraro, Bracale, Davide, Del Guercio, Porcellini

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Abstract

Aim. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) on the early outcome after open repair (OR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). Methods. This is a retrospective review of 73 consecutive patients who underwent emergency OR of infrarenal rAAA with ICS between 2005 and 2008 (Group I), compared to 51 repairs from 2002-2004 with no ICS (Group II). In addition, a transfusion protocol of platelets and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) administration on admission and during surgery was adopted in patients in Group I to maintain coagulation competence. Results. ICS reduced bank blood demand by 63.6% (from 11 to 4 units, P<0.001) compared to controls, and had a strong impact on rates of postoperative complications (P=0.05), or death (43.8% vs. 52.9%, P<0.05) or in-hospital LOS (P<0.07) in these patients. Patients surviving in Group I had significantly higher postoperative haemoglobin level (11.5 vs. 9.6 g/dL, P<0.05) and platelet count (267 vs. 95 x 109 L, P<0.001 ), a shorter APTT (31 s vs. 47 s, P<0.05) and a lower INR (1.3 vs. 2.1, P<0.01) than patients who died postoperatively. ICS volume was significantly higher in patients with suprarenal aortic clamping and in those who had bifurcated grafting reconstruction (P<0.05), but amount of red blood cells (RBC) collected did not influence outcome. Conclusion. These results suggest that intraoperative cell salvage, minimizing perioperative homologous blood transfusion, is an important determinant of outcome after rAAA repair. Combined administration of balanced blood components may contribute to improve the survival of the patients
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)271-275
Numero di pagine5
RivistaItalian Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume17
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2010

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Aortic Rupture
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Blood Banks
Platelet Transfusion
International Normalized Ratio
Platelet Count
Cell Size
Constriction
Blood Transfusion
Mental Competency
Hemoglobins
Emergencies
Erythrocytes
Survival

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

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title = "Intraoperative cell salvage in ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms",
abstract = "Aim. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) on the early outcome after open repair (OR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). Methods. This is a retrospective review of 73 consecutive patients who underwent emergency OR of infrarenal rAAA with ICS between 2005 and 2008 (Group I), compared to 51 repairs from 2002-2004 with no ICS (Group II). In addition, a transfusion protocol of platelets and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) administration on admission and during surgery was adopted in patients in Group I to maintain coagulation competence. Results. ICS reduced bank blood demand by 63.6{\%} (from 11 to 4 units, P<0.001) compared to controls, and had a strong impact on rates of postoperative complications (P=0.05), or death (43.8{\%} vs. 52.9{\%}, P<0.05) or in-hospital LOS (P<0.07) in these patients. Patients surviving in Group I had significantly higher postoperative haemoglobin level (11.5 vs. 9.6 g/dL, P<0.05) and platelet count (267 vs. 95 x 109 L, P<0.001 ), a shorter APTT (31 s vs. 47 s, P<0.05) and a lower INR (1.3 vs. 2.1, P<0.01) than patients who died postoperatively. ICS volume was significantly higher in patients with suprarenal aortic clamping and in those who had bifurcated grafting reconstruction (P<0.05), but amount of red blood cells (RBC) collected did not influence outcome. Conclusion. These results suggest that intraoperative cell salvage, minimizing perioperative homologous blood transfusion, is an important determinant of outcome after rAAA repair. Combined administration of balanced blood components may contribute to improve the survival of the patients",
author = "Guido Bajardi and Bracale, {Umberto Marcello} and Felice Pecoraro and Bracale and Davide and {Del Guercio} and Porcellini",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "271--275",
journal = "Italian Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery",
issn = "1824-4777",
publisher = "Edizioni Minerva Medica S.p.A.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intraoperative cell salvage in ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms

AU - Bajardi, Guido

AU - Bracale, Umberto Marcello

AU - Pecoraro, Felice

AU - Bracale, null

AU - Davide, null

AU - Del Guercio, null

AU - Porcellini, null

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Aim. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) on the early outcome after open repair (OR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). Methods. This is a retrospective review of 73 consecutive patients who underwent emergency OR of infrarenal rAAA with ICS between 2005 and 2008 (Group I), compared to 51 repairs from 2002-2004 with no ICS (Group II). In addition, a transfusion protocol of platelets and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) administration on admission and during surgery was adopted in patients in Group I to maintain coagulation competence. Results. ICS reduced bank blood demand by 63.6% (from 11 to 4 units, P<0.001) compared to controls, and had a strong impact on rates of postoperative complications (P=0.05), or death (43.8% vs. 52.9%, P<0.05) or in-hospital LOS (P<0.07) in these patients. Patients surviving in Group I had significantly higher postoperative haemoglobin level (11.5 vs. 9.6 g/dL, P<0.05) and platelet count (267 vs. 95 x 109 L, P<0.001 ), a shorter APTT (31 s vs. 47 s, P<0.05) and a lower INR (1.3 vs. 2.1, P<0.01) than patients who died postoperatively. ICS volume was significantly higher in patients with suprarenal aortic clamping and in those who had bifurcated grafting reconstruction (P<0.05), but amount of red blood cells (RBC) collected did not influence outcome. Conclusion. These results suggest that intraoperative cell salvage, minimizing perioperative homologous blood transfusion, is an important determinant of outcome after rAAA repair. Combined administration of balanced blood components may contribute to improve the survival of the patients

AB - Aim. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) on the early outcome after open repair (OR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). Methods. This is a retrospective review of 73 consecutive patients who underwent emergency OR of infrarenal rAAA with ICS between 2005 and 2008 (Group I), compared to 51 repairs from 2002-2004 with no ICS (Group II). In addition, a transfusion protocol of platelets and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) administration on admission and during surgery was adopted in patients in Group I to maintain coagulation competence. Results. ICS reduced bank blood demand by 63.6% (from 11 to 4 units, P<0.001) compared to controls, and had a strong impact on rates of postoperative complications (P=0.05), or death (43.8% vs. 52.9%, P<0.05) or in-hospital LOS (P<0.07) in these patients. Patients surviving in Group I had significantly higher postoperative haemoglobin level (11.5 vs. 9.6 g/dL, P<0.05) and platelet count (267 vs. 95 x 109 L, P<0.001 ), a shorter APTT (31 s vs. 47 s, P<0.05) and a lower INR (1.3 vs. 2.1, P<0.01) than patients who died postoperatively. ICS volume was significantly higher in patients with suprarenal aortic clamping and in those who had bifurcated grafting reconstruction (P<0.05), but amount of red blood cells (RBC) collected did not influence outcome. Conclusion. These results suggest that intraoperative cell salvage, minimizing perioperative homologous blood transfusion, is an important determinant of outcome after rAAA repair. Combined administration of balanced blood components may contribute to improve the survival of the patients

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/58503

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 271

EP - 275

JO - Italian Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

JF - Italian Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

SN - 1824-4777

ER -