Interface Solid-State Reactions in La0.8Sr0.2MnO3/Ce0.8Sm0.2O2 and La0.8Sr0.2MnO3/BaCe0.9Y0.1O3 Disclosed by X-ray Microspectroscopy

Antonino Martorana, Francesco Giannici, Giovanna Canu, Alessandro Longo, Alessandro Chiara

Risultato della ricerca: Article

1 Citazione (Scopus)

Abstract

The stability of the electrode/electrolyte interface is a critical issue in solid-oxide cells working at high temperatures, affecting their durability. In this paper, we investigate the solid-state chemical mechanisms that occur at the interface between two electrolytes (Ce0.8Sm0.2O2, SDC, and BaCe0.9Y0.1O3, BCY) and a cathode material (La0.8Sr0.2MnO3, LSM) after prolonged thermal treatments. Following our previous work on the subject, we used X-ray microspectroscopy, a technique that probes the interface with submicrometric resolution combining microanalytical information with the chemical and structural information coming from space-resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy. In LSM/BCY, the concentration profiles show striking reactive phenomena at the interface with a variety of micrometer-sized secondary phases: In particular, X-ray absorption spectra reveal at least three different chemical states for manganese (from +3 to +6). Also in LSM/SDC, a couple previously reported as chemically stable, we found the formation of small islets of SmMnO3 after the migration of manganese to the SDC side; these may constitute the nuclei for the subsequent formation of an interfacial resistive layer after more prolonged operation. The ability of manganese to adopt several oxidation states and crystal chemical environments is indicated as a possible cause for these behaviors.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)3204-3210
Numero di pagine7
RivistaACS Applied Energy Materials
Volume2
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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Solid state reactions
Manganese
X rays
Electrolytes
X ray absorption spectroscopy
X ray absorption
Oxides
Absorption spectra
Durability
Cathodes
Heat treatment
Oxidation
Crystals
Electrodes
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cita questo

@article{56b812fa5134415195a57be4da7c0407,
title = "Interface Solid-State Reactions in La0.8Sr0.2MnO3/Ce0.8Sm0.2O2 and La0.8Sr0.2MnO3/BaCe0.9Y0.1O3 Disclosed by X-ray Microspectroscopy",
abstract = "The stability of the electrode/electrolyte interface is a critical issue in solid-oxide cells working at high temperatures, affecting their durability. In this paper, we investigate the solid-state chemical mechanisms that occur at the interface between two electrolytes (Ce0.8Sm0.2O2, SDC, and BaCe0.9Y0.1O3, BCY) and a cathode material (La0.8Sr0.2MnO3, LSM) after prolonged thermal treatments. Following our previous work on the subject, we used X-ray microspectroscopy, a technique that probes the interface with submicrometric resolution combining microanalytical information with the chemical and structural information coming from space-resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy. In LSM/BCY, the concentration profiles show striking reactive phenomena at the interface with a variety of micrometer-sized secondary phases: In particular, X-ray absorption spectra reveal at least three different chemical states for manganese (from +3 to +6). Also in LSM/SDC, a couple previously reported as chemically stable, we found the formation of small islets of SmMnO3 after the migration of manganese to the SDC side; these may constitute the nuclei for the subsequent formation of an interfacial resistive layer after more prolonged operation. The ability of manganese to adopt several oxidation states and crystal chemical environments is indicated as a possible cause for these behaviors.",
keywords = "SOFC, compatibility, electrode, electrolyte, fuel cells, interdiffusion, lanthanum strontium manganite",
author = "Antonino Martorana and Francesco Giannici and Giovanna Canu and Alessandro Longo and Alessandro Chiara",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "3204--3210",
journal = "ACS Applied Energy Materials",
issn = "2574-0962",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interface Solid-State Reactions in La0.8Sr0.2MnO3/Ce0.8Sm0.2O2 and La0.8Sr0.2MnO3/BaCe0.9Y0.1O3 Disclosed by X-ray Microspectroscopy

AU - Martorana, Antonino

AU - Giannici, Francesco

AU - Canu, Giovanna

AU - Longo, Alessandro

AU - Chiara, Alessandro

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The stability of the electrode/electrolyte interface is a critical issue in solid-oxide cells working at high temperatures, affecting their durability. In this paper, we investigate the solid-state chemical mechanisms that occur at the interface between two electrolytes (Ce0.8Sm0.2O2, SDC, and BaCe0.9Y0.1O3, BCY) and a cathode material (La0.8Sr0.2MnO3, LSM) after prolonged thermal treatments. Following our previous work on the subject, we used X-ray microspectroscopy, a technique that probes the interface with submicrometric resolution combining microanalytical information with the chemical and structural information coming from space-resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy. In LSM/BCY, the concentration profiles show striking reactive phenomena at the interface with a variety of micrometer-sized secondary phases: In particular, X-ray absorption spectra reveal at least three different chemical states for manganese (from +3 to +6). Also in LSM/SDC, a couple previously reported as chemically stable, we found the formation of small islets of SmMnO3 after the migration of manganese to the SDC side; these may constitute the nuclei for the subsequent formation of an interfacial resistive layer after more prolonged operation. The ability of manganese to adopt several oxidation states and crystal chemical environments is indicated as a possible cause for these behaviors.

AB - The stability of the electrode/electrolyte interface is a critical issue in solid-oxide cells working at high temperatures, affecting their durability. In this paper, we investigate the solid-state chemical mechanisms that occur at the interface between two electrolytes (Ce0.8Sm0.2O2, SDC, and BaCe0.9Y0.1O3, BCY) and a cathode material (La0.8Sr0.2MnO3, LSM) after prolonged thermal treatments. Following our previous work on the subject, we used X-ray microspectroscopy, a technique that probes the interface with submicrometric resolution combining microanalytical information with the chemical and structural information coming from space-resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy. In LSM/BCY, the concentration profiles show striking reactive phenomena at the interface with a variety of micrometer-sized secondary phases: In particular, X-ray absorption spectra reveal at least three different chemical states for manganese (from +3 to +6). Also in LSM/SDC, a couple previously reported as chemically stable, we found the formation of small islets of SmMnO3 after the migration of manganese to the SDC side; these may constitute the nuclei for the subsequent formation of an interfacial resistive layer after more prolonged operation. The ability of manganese to adopt several oxidation states and crystal chemical environments is indicated as a possible cause for these behaviors.

KW - SOFC

KW - compatibility

KW - electrode

KW - electrolyte

KW - fuel cells

KW - interdiffusion

KW - lanthanum strontium manganite

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/370336

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 3204

EP - 3210

JO - ACS Applied Energy Materials

JF - ACS Applied Energy Materials

SN - 2574-0962

ER -