Quantitative data on the stability of mono-, di- and trimethyltin(IV)-carboxylate complexes(acetate, malonate, succinate, malate, oxydiacetate, diethylenetrioxydiacetate, tricarballylate, citrate,butanetetracarboxylate and mellitate) are reported at t = 25 ◦C and I → 0 mol l−1. Severalmononuclear, mixed proton, mixed hydroxo and polynuclear species are formed in these systems.As expected, the stability trend is mono- > di- > trimethyltin(IV) and mono < di < tri < tetra <hexa for the organotin moieties and carboxylate ligands investigated, respectively. Moreover, ligandscontaining, in addition to carboxylic,–O–and—OH groups show a significantly higher stability withrespect to analogous ligands with the same number of carboxylic binding sites. The results obtainedfromall the systems investigated allowed us to formulate the following empirical predictive equationfor correlation between complex stability and some simple structural parameters,log β = −6.0 + 1.63ncarb + 1.4nOH + 4.58r + 3.9zcatwhere ncarb and nOH are the number of carboxylic and alcoholic groups in the ligand, respectively, r isthe stoichiometric coefficient ofH+ (positive) orOH− (negative) and zcat is themethyltin cation charge(CH3)xSnz+ (z+ = 4 − x).Distribution diagrams for some representative systems are also reported andare discussed in the light of speciation studies in natural waters. A literature data comparison ismade with carboxylate complexes of other metal ions with the same charge as the organotin cationsinvestigated here.
|Numero di pagine||10|
|Rivista||Applied Organometallic Chemistry|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2006|
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