The development of subsoil models represents an important aspect of land resource evaluation, because they can provide an accurate description of the spatial variability in soil properties. Although direct soil sampling provides the best information in terms of soil properties, sample density is rarely adequate to accurately describe the horizontal and vertical variability of the physical properties of soil. Geophysical methods, such as Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensors, provide rapid, non-invasive and exhaustive ways for subsoil characterization. Moreover, geophysical methods can be integrated with geostatistics to map soil properties.This study investigates the capability of geostatistics to incorporate auxiliary geoelectrical information for the prediction of soil properties. The prediction model of clay content used was kriging with external drift (KED) with EMI and GPR data as auxiliary information. Soil clay contents were computed for a 1 × 1 m grid maps at two depths (0–0.20 m and 0.20–0.40 m). The spatial trend map and the standard error maps were shown separately. Maps of the clay content at the two depths were compared with the ordinary kriging estimates through cross-validation. The results showed that the model using the auxiliary variables can be preferred to univariate kriging in terms of correlation between true and estimated values and capability of interpretation of spatial variability.
|Numero di pagine||11|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Soil Science
Lo Papa, G., Sollitto, D., De Benedetto, D., Modugno, F., Castrignano, A., & Buttafuoco, G. (2012). Integrating geophysical and geostatistical techniques to map the spatial variation of clay. Geoderma, nd.