Insulin sensitivity and secretion and adipokine profile in patients with Cushing’s disease treated with pasireotide

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of pasireotide on β-cell and adipose function in patients with Cushing’s disease (CD). Methods: Clinical and hormonal parameters, insulin secretion evaluated by HOMA-β and by the area under the curve (AUC2h) of C-peptide during a mixed meal tolerance test and insulin sensitivity, evaluated by the euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp, were evaluated in 12 patients with active CD, before and after 6 and 12 months of pasireotide. In addition, a panel of adipokines including leptin (Ob), leptin/leptin receptor ratio (Ob/Ob-R ratio), adiponectin, resistin, visfatin, adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (AFABP) and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs) was evaluated at baseline and after 12 months of pasireotide. Results: During 12 months of pasireotide treatment, a significant decrease in weight (p = 0.004), BMI (p = 0.008), waist circumference (p = 0.009), urinary free cortisol (p = 0.007), fasting insulinaemia (p = 0.007), HOMA-β (p = 0.015) and AUC2h c-peptide(p = 0.017), concomitance with an increase in fasting glycaemia (p = 0.015) and HbA1c (p = 0.030), was found. With regard to adipokines, a significant decrease in Ob (p = 0.039), Ob/Ob-R ratio (p = 0.017) and AFABP (p = 0.036) was observed concomitant with a significant increase in Ob-R (p = 0.028) after 12 months of pasireotide. Conclusions: 12 months of treatment with pasireotide in CD is associated with an impairment of insulin secretion and an improvement of adipose function without any interference in insulin sensitivity.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1137-1147
Numero di pagine11
RivistaJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
Volume41
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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