Risk factors for soccer injuries and prevention have been discussed byseveral authors, but only few have investigated the effectiveness ofpreventive interventions, in particular in the last few years. The aim of thepresent study was to evaluate the effects of a prevention program on theincidence of soccer-related injuries in three different categories of youngerplayers (Allievi, Giovanissimi e Primavera).The soccer teams took part in a prevention program to decrease injury risk,for two agonistic seasons (2005-06, 2006-07). Before identifying trainingprograms, we valued the younger fitness status: each youth soccer players(aged 13 to 19) performed exercise tests of functional capacity: plyometricjump (explosive power) and Lèger test (aerobic resistance). Thus, thetemporal connection in loads alternation 1:1 as applied.During the two agonistic seasons all new injuries were registered. Theincidence of injury per 1000 hours of training and playing soccer was 3.6and 1.3 in 2005-06 and 2006-07, respectively. A very high percentage ofsoccer-related injuries occurred during a game, unlike those occurring duringtraining. Our prevention program had greater effects overall in the lastagonistic season taken into account since he injury incidence wassignificantly lower those reported in other studies.In conclusion, the incidence of youth soccer-related injuries can be reducedby preventive interventions; and coaches and players need better educationregarding injury prevention strategies and should include such interventionsas part of their regular training.
|Rivista||RIVISTA DELLA FACOLTÀ DI SCIENZE MOTORIE DELL'UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI PALERMO|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2012|