Inhibition by anandamide and synthetic cannabimimetics of the release of [3H] D- aspartate and [3H] GABA from synaptosomes isolated from the rat hippocampus

Carla Cannizzaro, D'Amico, Preziosi, Maria Martire

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Abstract

Cannabinoids (CB) can act as retrograde synaptic mediators of depolarization-induced suppression of inhibition or excitation in hippocampus. This mechanism may underlie the impairment of some cognitive processes produced by these compounds, including short-term memory formation in the hippocampus. In this study, we investigated several compounds known to interact with CB receptors, evaluating their effects on K +-evoked release of [ 3H]d-aspartate ([ 3H]d-ASP) and [ 3H]GABA from superfused synaptosomes isolated from the rat hippocampus. [ 3H]d-ASP and [ 3H]GABA release were inhibited to different degrees by the synthetic cannabinoids WIN 55,212-2; CP 55,940, and arachidonyl-2′- chloroethylamide/N-(2-chloroethyl)-5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenamide (ACEA), as well as by the endocannabinoids, anandamide (AEA), and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG). Both types of release were also inhibited by capsaicin. The inhibition produced by each of the cannabinoid compounds and capsaicin was unaffected by capsazepine or by the CB1-receptor antagonists AM-251 and SR141716A. The mechanism underlying AEA- and synthetic CB-induced inhibition of the release of [ 3H]GABA and [ 3H]d-ASP from rat hippocampal synaptosomes might not involve activation of presynaptic CB1 receptors.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1553-1561
Numero di pagine9
RivistaNeurochemical Research
Volume29
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry

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@article{32149dd224604d0784daccad9e7bf83c,
title = "Inhibition by anandamide and synthetic cannabimimetics of the release of [3H] D- aspartate and [3H] GABA from synaptosomes isolated from the rat hippocampus",
abstract = "Cannabinoids (CB) can act as retrograde synaptic mediators of depolarization-induced suppression of inhibition or excitation in hippocampus. This mechanism may underlie the impairment of some cognitive processes produced by these compounds, including short-term memory formation in the hippocampus. In this study, we investigated several compounds known to interact with CB receptors, evaluating their effects on K +-evoked release of [ 3H]d-aspartate ([ 3H]d-ASP) and [ 3H]GABA from superfused synaptosomes isolated from the rat hippocampus. [ 3H]d-ASP and [ 3H]GABA release were inhibited to different degrees by the synthetic cannabinoids WIN 55,212-2; CP 55,940, and arachidonyl-2′- chloroethylamide/N-(2-chloroethyl)-5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenamide (ACEA), as well as by the endocannabinoids, anandamide (AEA), and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG). Both types of release were also inhibited by capsaicin. The inhibition produced by each of the cannabinoid compounds and capsaicin was unaffected by capsazepine or by the CB1-receptor antagonists AM-251 and SR141716A. The mechanism underlying AEA- and synthetic CB-induced inhibition of the release of [ 3H]GABA and [ 3H]d-ASP from rat hippocampal synaptosomes might not involve activation of presynaptic CB1 receptors.",
author = "Carla Cannizzaro and D'Amico and Preziosi and Maria Martire",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "1553--1561",
journal = "Neurochemical Research",
issn = "0364-3190",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inhibition by anandamide and synthetic cannabimimetics of the release of [3H] D- aspartate and [3H] GABA from synaptosomes isolated from the rat hippocampus

AU - Cannizzaro, Carla

AU - D'Amico, null

AU - Preziosi, null

AU - Martire, Maria

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Cannabinoids (CB) can act as retrograde synaptic mediators of depolarization-induced suppression of inhibition or excitation in hippocampus. This mechanism may underlie the impairment of some cognitive processes produced by these compounds, including short-term memory formation in the hippocampus. In this study, we investigated several compounds known to interact with CB receptors, evaluating their effects on K +-evoked release of [ 3H]d-aspartate ([ 3H]d-ASP) and [ 3H]GABA from superfused synaptosomes isolated from the rat hippocampus. [ 3H]d-ASP and [ 3H]GABA release were inhibited to different degrees by the synthetic cannabinoids WIN 55,212-2; CP 55,940, and arachidonyl-2′- chloroethylamide/N-(2-chloroethyl)-5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenamide (ACEA), as well as by the endocannabinoids, anandamide (AEA), and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG). Both types of release were also inhibited by capsaicin. The inhibition produced by each of the cannabinoid compounds and capsaicin was unaffected by capsazepine or by the CB1-receptor antagonists AM-251 and SR141716A. The mechanism underlying AEA- and synthetic CB-induced inhibition of the release of [ 3H]GABA and [ 3H]d-ASP from rat hippocampal synaptosomes might not involve activation of presynaptic CB1 receptors.

AB - Cannabinoids (CB) can act as retrograde synaptic mediators of depolarization-induced suppression of inhibition or excitation in hippocampus. This mechanism may underlie the impairment of some cognitive processes produced by these compounds, including short-term memory formation in the hippocampus. In this study, we investigated several compounds known to interact with CB receptors, evaluating their effects on K +-evoked release of [ 3H]d-aspartate ([ 3H]d-ASP) and [ 3H]GABA from superfused synaptosomes isolated from the rat hippocampus. [ 3H]d-ASP and [ 3H]GABA release were inhibited to different degrees by the synthetic cannabinoids WIN 55,212-2; CP 55,940, and arachidonyl-2′- chloroethylamide/N-(2-chloroethyl)-5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenamide (ACEA), as well as by the endocannabinoids, anandamide (AEA), and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG). Both types of release were also inhibited by capsaicin. The inhibition produced by each of the cannabinoid compounds and capsaicin was unaffected by capsazepine or by the CB1-receptor antagonists AM-251 and SR141716A. The mechanism underlying AEA- and synthetic CB-induced inhibition of the release of [ 3H]GABA and [ 3H]d-ASP from rat hippocampal synaptosomes might not involve activation of presynaptic CB1 receptors.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/33047

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 1553

EP - 1561

JO - Neurochemical Research

JF - Neurochemical Research

SN - 0364-3190

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