While cross-spectral and information-theoretic approaches are widely used for the multivariate analysis of physiological time series, their combined utilization is far less developed in the literature. This study introduces a framework for the spectral decomposition of multivariate information measures, which provides frequency-specific quantifications of the information shared between a target and two source time series and of its expansion into amounts related to how the sources contribute to the target dynamics with unique, redundant and synergistic information. The framework is illustrated in simulations of linearly interacting stochastic processes, showing how it allows us to retrieve amounts of information shared by the processes within specific frequency bands which are otherwise not detectable by time-domain information measures, as well as coupling features which are not detectable by spectral measures. Then, it is applied to the time series of heart period, systolic and diastolic arterial pressure and respiration variability measured in healthy subjects monitored in the resting supine position and during head-up tilt. We show that the spectral measures of unique, redundant and synergistic information shared by these variability series, integrated within specific frequency bands of physiological interest and reflect the mechanisms of short-term regulation of cardiovascular and cardiorespiratory oscillations and their alterations induced by the postural stress.
|Numero di pagine||19|
|Rivista||PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A: MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2021|