Investigations on presence of Prays oleae in organic olive orchards of western Sicily.This paper reports a study on the population dynamics of the olive moth, Prays oleae (Bern) (Lep., Plutellidae) in fourorganic olive orchards in western Sicily (Italy), from 2007 to 2010.The influence of the phytophagous on the fruit drop was detected. Also, the efficacy of treatments with Bacillusthuringiensis var. kurstaki on damage reduction was evaluated.Flight trend was monitored using delta-wing traps (3/ha) containing the sexual pheromone ((Z)-7-tetradecenal), placedin each olive orchard. Traps were hung in the inner zone of the canopy to a height of 1.50 m, and checked weekly fromMay to 2-3 days after the olive harvest.Capture data indicated that flight peaks occurred on June-July and September-October. In 2007, the population densityof P. oleae moths was generally lower than the subsequent three years .The fruit infestation levels in all years were under 5% and a greater susceptibility of Biancolilla and Cerasuolavar. than Nocellara var. were detected. In 2008, the fruit drop caused by P. oleae ranged from 12% to 47% in twoorchards studied. Finally, the results for two years indicate that treatments with Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) can significantlyreduce the fruit fall caused by phytophagous in comparison with untreated olive orchards.
|Numero di pagine||10|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2011|