The application of bituminous mixtures modified with rubber from scrap-tires require attention and care during mixing and compaction. Rubber modifies the properties because it reacts in the internal structure of bitumen at high temperatures changing the performance of the mixture (interaction process of solvents with binder-rubber aggregate). The main change is the increasing of the viscosity and elasticity of the binder due to the larger sizes of the rubber particles by dry process but, this positive effect is counteracted by short mixing times, compared to wet technology, and due to the transport processes, curing time and post-compaction of the mixtures. Therefore, negative effects as swelling of rubber particles, rebounding effect of the specimens and thermal changes by different expansion of the structure inside the mixtures, can change the mechanical properties of the rubberized blends. Based on the dry technology, different asphalt-rubber binders using devulcanized or natural rubber (truck and bus tread rubber), have been used to show how these defects occur and, at the same time, to solve the problems generated in dense-gap graded rubber modified asphalt concrete mixes (RUMAC) to enhance the stability, workability and durability of the compacted samples by Superpave gyratory compactor method.This paper specifies the procedures developed in the Department of Civil Engineering of the University of Palermo during September 2016 to March 2017, for characterizing the post-compaction and mixstabilityof the one conventional mixture (hot mix asphalt without rubber) and two gap-graded rubberized asphalt mixtures, adopting the granulometric characteristic grading curve for rail sub-ballast layer, with nominal size of Ø22.4 mm of aggregates according European standard.
|Numero di pagine||15|
|Rivista||World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2017|