Influence of Material-Related Aspectsof Additive and Subtractive Ti-6Al-4VManufacturing on Energy Demandand Carbon Dioxide Emissions

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Abstract

The additive manufacturing of metal parts represents a promising process that could beused alongside traditional manufacturing methods. The research scenario in this field isstill largely unexplored, as far as the technological solutions adopted to integrate differentprocesses are concerned and in terms of environmental and economic impact assessment.In this article, an electron beam melting (EBM) process and a machining process have beenanalyzed and compared using a cradle-to-grave life cycle–based approach. The productionof components made of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy has been assumed as a case study. Theproposed methodology is able to account for all of the main factors of influence on energydemand and carbon dioxide emissions when the component shape is varied. The resultsprove that, besides the direct energy intensity of the manufacturing processes, the impactsrelated to material usage are usually dominant. Therefore, when complex geometries haveto be manufactured, the additive manufacturing approach could be the best strategy, if itenables a larger amount of material savings than conventional machining. Vice versa, whena small amount of material has to be machined off, the high energy intensity of an EBMprocess has a negative effect on the performance of the process
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)191-202
Numero di pagine12
RivistaJournal of Industrial Ecology
Volume21 SI
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

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manufacturing
carbon dioxide
energy
economic impact
savings
environmental impact
melting
geometry
electron
methodology
material
mathematics
metal
scenario
performance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

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title = "Influence of Material-Related Aspectsof Additive and Subtractive Ti-6Al-4VManufacturing on Energy Demandand Carbon Dioxide Emissions",
abstract = "The additive manufacturing of metal parts represents a promising process that could beused alongside traditional manufacturing methods. The research scenario in this field isstill largely unexplored, as far as the technological solutions adopted to integrate differentprocesses are concerned and in terms of environmental and economic impact assessment.In this article, an electron beam melting (EBM) process and a machining process have beenanalyzed and compared using a cradle-to-grave life cycle–based approach. The productionof components made of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy has been assumed as a case study. Theproposed methodology is able to account for all of the main factors of influence on energydemand and carbon dioxide emissions when the component shape is varied. The resultsprove that, besides the direct energy intensity of the manufacturing processes, the impactsrelated to material usage are usually dominant. Therefore, when complex geometries haveto be manufactured, the additive manufacturing approach could be the best strategy, if itenables a larger amount of material savings than conventional machining. Vice versa, whena small amount of material has to be machined off, the high energy intensity of an EBMprocess has a negative effect on the performance of the process",
author = "Giuseppe Ingarao and {Di Lorenzo}, Rosa",
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language = "English",
volume = "21 SI",
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journal = "Journal of Industrial Ecology",
issn = "1088-1980",
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T1 - Influence of Material-Related Aspectsof Additive and Subtractive Ti-6Al-4VManufacturing on Energy Demandand Carbon Dioxide Emissions

AU - Ingarao, Giuseppe

AU - Di Lorenzo, Rosa

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The additive manufacturing of metal parts represents a promising process that could beused alongside traditional manufacturing methods. The research scenario in this field isstill largely unexplored, as far as the technological solutions adopted to integrate differentprocesses are concerned and in terms of environmental and economic impact assessment.In this article, an electron beam melting (EBM) process and a machining process have beenanalyzed and compared using a cradle-to-grave life cycle–based approach. The productionof components made of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy has been assumed as a case study. Theproposed methodology is able to account for all of the main factors of influence on energydemand and carbon dioxide emissions when the component shape is varied. The resultsprove that, besides the direct energy intensity of the manufacturing processes, the impactsrelated to material usage are usually dominant. Therefore, when complex geometries haveto be manufactured, the additive manufacturing approach could be the best strategy, if itenables a larger amount of material savings than conventional machining. Vice versa, whena small amount of material has to be machined off, the high energy intensity of an EBMprocess has a negative effect on the performance of the process

AB - The additive manufacturing of metal parts represents a promising process that could beused alongside traditional manufacturing methods. The research scenario in this field isstill largely unexplored, as far as the technological solutions adopted to integrate differentprocesses are concerned and in terms of environmental and economic impact assessment.In this article, an electron beam melting (EBM) process and a machining process have beenanalyzed and compared using a cradle-to-grave life cycle–based approach. The productionof components made of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy has been assumed as a case study. Theproposed methodology is able to account for all of the main factors of influence on energydemand and carbon dioxide emissions when the component shape is varied. The resultsprove that, besides the direct energy intensity of the manufacturing processes, the impactsrelated to material usage are usually dominant. Therefore, when complex geometries haveto be manufactured, the additive manufacturing approach could be the best strategy, if itenables a larger amount of material savings than conventional machining. Vice versa, whena small amount of material has to be machined off, the high energy intensity of an EBMprocess has a negative effect on the performance of the process

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/225481

M3 - Article

VL - 21 SI

SP - 191

EP - 202

JO - Journal of Industrial Ecology

JF - Journal of Industrial Ecology

SN - 1088-1980

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