Improvement of gross motor and cognitive abilities by an exercise training program: Three case reports

Antonio Palma, Annamaria Pepi, Michele Roccella, Marianna Alesi, Giuseppe Battaglia, Davide Testa, Annamaria Pepi, Michele Roccella, Davide Testa, Marianna Alesi

Risultato della ricerca: Article

33 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This work examined the efficacy of an integrated exercise training program (coach and family) in three children with Down syndrome to improve their motor and cognitive abilities, in particular reaction time and working memory. Methods: The integrated exercise training program was used in three children with Down syndrome, comprising two boys (M1, with a chronological age of 10.3 years and a mental age of 4.7 years; M2, with a chronological age of 14.6 years and a mental age of less than 4 years) and one girl (F1, chronological age 14.0 years and a mental age of less than 4 years). Results: Improvements in gross motor ability scores were seen after the training period. Greater improvements in task reaction time were noted for both evaluation parameters, ie, time and omissions. Conclusion: There is a close interrelationship between motor and cognitive domains in individuals with atypical development. There is a need to plan intervention programs based on the simultaneous involvement of child and parents and aimed at promoting an active lifestyle in individuals with Down syndrome. © 2014 Alesi et al.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)479-485
Numero di pagine7
RivistaNeuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Volume10
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cita questo

@article{a87837bb2a6d4567a01846b2bbce0cd8,
title = "Improvement of gross motor and cognitive abilities by an exercise training program: Three case reports",
abstract = "Background: This work examined the efficacy of an integrated exercise training program (coach and family) in three children with Down syndrome to improve their motor and cognitive abilities, in particular reaction time and working memory. Methods: The integrated exercise training program was used in three children with Down syndrome, comprising two boys (M1, with a chronological age of 10.3 years and a mental age of 4.7 years; M2, with a chronological age of 14.6 years and a mental age of less than 4 years) and one girl (F1, chronological age 14.0 years and a mental age of less than 4 years). Results: Improvements in gross motor ability scores were seen after the training period. Greater improvements in task reaction time were noted for both evaluation parameters, ie, time and omissions. Conclusion: There is a close interrelationship between motor and cognitive domains in individuals with atypical development. There is a need to plan intervention programs based on the simultaneous involvement of child and parents and aimed at promoting an active lifestyle in individuals with Down syndrome. {\circledC} 2014 Alesi et al.",
keywords = "Cognitive abilities; Disability; Down syndrome; Gross motor abilities; Physical activity; Psychiatry and Mental Health; Biological Psychiatry",
author = "Antonio Palma and Annamaria Pepi and Michele Roccella and Marianna Alesi and Giuseppe Battaglia and Davide Testa and Annamaria Pepi and Michele Roccella and Davide Testa and Marianna Alesi",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "479--485",
journal = "Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment",
issn = "1176-6328",
publisher = "Dove Medical Press Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improvement of gross motor and cognitive abilities by an exercise training program: Three case reports

AU - Palma, Antonio

AU - Pepi, Annamaria

AU - Roccella, Michele

AU - Alesi, Marianna

AU - Battaglia, Giuseppe

AU - Testa, Davide

AU - Pepi, Annamaria

AU - Roccella, Michele

AU - Testa, Davide

AU - Alesi, Marianna

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background: This work examined the efficacy of an integrated exercise training program (coach and family) in three children with Down syndrome to improve their motor and cognitive abilities, in particular reaction time and working memory. Methods: The integrated exercise training program was used in three children with Down syndrome, comprising two boys (M1, with a chronological age of 10.3 years and a mental age of 4.7 years; M2, with a chronological age of 14.6 years and a mental age of less than 4 years) and one girl (F1, chronological age 14.0 years and a mental age of less than 4 years). Results: Improvements in gross motor ability scores were seen after the training period. Greater improvements in task reaction time were noted for both evaluation parameters, ie, time and omissions. Conclusion: There is a close interrelationship between motor and cognitive domains in individuals with atypical development. There is a need to plan intervention programs based on the simultaneous involvement of child and parents and aimed at promoting an active lifestyle in individuals with Down syndrome. © 2014 Alesi et al.

AB - Background: This work examined the efficacy of an integrated exercise training program (coach and family) in three children with Down syndrome to improve their motor and cognitive abilities, in particular reaction time and working memory. Methods: The integrated exercise training program was used in three children with Down syndrome, comprising two boys (M1, with a chronological age of 10.3 years and a mental age of 4.7 years; M2, with a chronological age of 14.6 years and a mental age of less than 4 years) and one girl (F1, chronological age 14.0 years and a mental age of less than 4 years). Results: Improvements in gross motor ability scores were seen after the training period. Greater improvements in task reaction time were noted for both evaluation parameters, ie, time and omissions. Conclusion: There is a close interrelationship between motor and cognitive domains in individuals with atypical development. There is a need to plan intervention programs based on the simultaneous involvement of child and parents and aimed at promoting an active lifestyle in individuals with Down syndrome. © 2014 Alesi et al.

KW - Cognitive abilities; Disability; Down syndrome; Gross motor abilities; Physical activity; Psychiatry and Mental Health; Biological Psychiatry

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/299072

UR - http://www.dovepress.com/getfile.php?fileID=19308

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 479

EP - 485

JO - Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment

JF - Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment

SN - 1176-6328

ER -