Improvement of gross motor and cognitive abilities by an exercise training program: Three case reports

Annamaria Pepi, Michele Roccella, Davide Testa, Antonio Palma, Giuseppe Battaglia, Marianna Alesi, Davide Testa, Marianna Alesi, Annamaria Pepi, Michele Roccella

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36 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This work examined the efficacy of an integrated exercise training program (coach and family) in three children with Down syndrome to improve their motor and cognitive abilities, in particular reaction time and working memory. Methods: The integrated exercise training program was used in three children with Down syndrome, comprising two boys (M1, with a chronological age of 10.3 years and a mental age of 4.7 years; M2, with a chronological age of 14.6 years and a mental age of less than 4 years) and one girl (F1, chronological age 14.0 years and a mental age of less than 4 years). Results: Improvements in gross motor ability scores were seen after the training period. Greater improvements in task reaction time were noted for both evaluation parameters, ie, time and omissions. Conclusion: There is a close interrelationship between motor and cognitive domains in individuals with atypical development. There is a need to plan intervention programs based on the simultaneous involvement of child and parents and aimed at promoting an active lifestyle in individuals with Down syndrome. © 2014 Alesi et al.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)479-485
Numero di pagine7
RivistaNeuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Volume10
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

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Aptitude
Down Syndrome
Exercise
Education
Reaction Time
Short-Term Memory
Life Style
Parents

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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title = "Improvement of gross motor and cognitive abilities by an exercise training program: Three case reports",
abstract = "Background: This work examined the efficacy of an integrated exercise training program (coach and family) in three children with Down syndrome to improve their motor and cognitive abilities, in particular reaction time and working memory. Methods: The integrated exercise training program was used in three children with Down syndrome, comprising two boys (M1, with a chronological age of 10.3 years and a mental age of 4.7 years; M2, with a chronological age of 14.6 years and a mental age of less than 4 years) and one girl (F1, chronological age 14.0 years and a mental age of less than 4 years). Results: Improvements in gross motor ability scores were seen after the training period. Greater improvements in task reaction time were noted for both evaluation parameters, ie, time and omissions. Conclusion: There is a close interrelationship between motor and cognitive domains in individuals with atypical development. There is a need to plan intervention programs based on the simultaneous involvement of child and parents and aimed at promoting an active lifestyle in individuals with Down syndrome. {\circledC} 2014 Alesi et al.",
keywords = "Biological Psychiatry, Cognitive abilities, Disability, Down syndrome, Gross motor abilities, Physical activity, Psychiatry and Mental Health",
author = "Annamaria Pepi and Michele Roccella and Davide Testa and Antonio Palma and Giuseppe Battaglia and Marianna Alesi and Davide Testa and Marianna Alesi and Annamaria Pepi and Michele Roccella",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "479--485",
journal = "Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment",
issn = "1176-6328",
publisher = "Dove Medical Press Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improvement of gross motor and cognitive abilities by an exercise training program: Three case reports

AU - Pepi, Annamaria

AU - Roccella, Michele

AU - Testa, Davide

AU - Palma, Antonio

AU - Battaglia, Giuseppe

AU - Alesi, Marianna

AU - Testa, Davide

AU - Alesi, Marianna

AU - Pepi, Annamaria

AU - Roccella, Michele

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background: This work examined the efficacy of an integrated exercise training program (coach and family) in three children with Down syndrome to improve their motor and cognitive abilities, in particular reaction time and working memory. Methods: The integrated exercise training program was used in three children with Down syndrome, comprising two boys (M1, with a chronological age of 10.3 years and a mental age of 4.7 years; M2, with a chronological age of 14.6 years and a mental age of less than 4 years) and one girl (F1, chronological age 14.0 years and a mental age of less than 4 years). Results: Improvements in gross motor ability scores were seen after the training period. Greater improvements in task reaction time were noted for both evaluation parameters, ie, time and omissions. Conclusion: There is a close interrelationship between motor and cognitive domains in individuals with atypical development. There is a need to plan intervention programs based on the simultaneous involvement of child and parents and aimed at promoting an active lifestyle in individuals with Down syndrome. © 2014 Alesi et al.

AB - Background: This work examined the efficacy of an integrated exercise training program (coach and family) in three children with Down syndrome to improve their motor and cognitive abilities, in particular reaction time and working memory. Methods: The integrated exercise training program was used in three children with Down syndrome, comprising two boys (M1, with a chronological age of 10.3 years and a mental age of 4.7 years; M2, with a chronological age of 14.6 years and a mental age of less than 4 years) and one girl (F1, chronological age 14.0 years and a mental age of less than 4 years). Results: Improvements in gross motor ability scores were seen after the training period. Greater improvements in task reaction time were noted for both evaluation parameters, ie, time and omissions. Conclusion: There is a close interrelationship between motor and cognitive domains in individuals with atypical development. There is a need to plan intervention programs based on the simultaneous involvement of child and parents and aimed at promoting an active lifestyle in individuals with Down syndrome. © 2014 Alesi et al.

KW - Biological Psychiatry

KW - Cognitive abilities

KW - Disability

KW - Down syndrome

KW - Gross motor abilities

KW - Physical activity

KW - Psychiatry and Mental Health

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/299072

UR - http://www.dovepress.com/getfile.php?fileID=19308

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 479

EP - 485

JO - Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment

JF - Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment

SN - 1176-6328

ER -