Improved Beerkan run methodology to assess water impact effects on infiltration and hydraulic properties of a loam soil under conventional- and no-tillage

Vincenzo Bagarello, Massimo Iovino, Mirko Castellini, Simone Di Prima, Anna Maria Stellacci

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

Abstract

Beerkan infiltration experiments with three water pouring heights (low, L = 3 cm; intermediate, M = 100 cm; high, H = 200 cm) were performed on both a no-tilled (NT) and a conventionally tilled (CT) bare loam soil to determine the surface soil hydraulic properties by the BEST-steady algorithm. Saturated soil hydraulic conductivity, Ks, significantly and monotonically decreased from the L to the H runs (from 236 to 37 mm h‒1) and lower Ks values were detected under CT (163–23 mm h‒1) than NT (346–51 mm h‒1) for each water pouring height. For both soil management practices, the gravitational potential energy, Ep, of the water used for the infiltration runs, explained most of the variance in the mean Ks values. According to the fitted relationships, an increase of Ep from 50 to 3,327 J m‒2 determined a Ks decrease by a factor of 9.5 in the CT soil and 6.3 in the NT soil. The CT soil was 2.1 and 3.3 times less conductive than the NT soil with the lowest and the highest energy, respectively. The water retention scale parameter, hg, only varied between non-perturbing (L) and perturbing (M, H) runs because |hg| increased from 55 to 93–100 mm. Therefore, water impact can greatly influence hydrodynamic properties of the upper soil layer regardless of the management practice. The tested infiltration methodology looks promising to mimic effects of relatively high energy rainfall events and to determine the hydraulic properties of the exposed soil layer under different management practices.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)235-248
Numero di pagine14
RivistaSoil Science Society of America Journal
Volume85
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Soil Science

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