Impoverishment of Sicilian (Italy) historical and cultural assets by an alien insect species:the case study of the Real Palm Weevil

Billeci, N; Lorusso, Cl

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

Microorganisms and insects have a disastrous impact on the biodiversity, cultural heritage and economy of a geographic area. However, in recent decades, the negative effects of invasive alien species (IAS), including both animal and plant or microorganisms occurring outside their natural distribution range, are generally not well known. Invasive alien species are most often found in or near urban areas, as well as throughout the settled landscape. According to the World Conservation Union, IUCN 2012, IAS represent the second most significant threat to biodiversity after resource depletion of habitats, becoming predators, competitors, parasites, hybridizers and diseases for native plants and animals. They often dominate the ecosystems they invade, upsetting the natural balance that existed prior to their introduction. In addition alien invasive insects can reduce the aesthetic value of urban landscapes and handicap the development of tourism. They can, moreover, destroy urban infrastructures and bring about so many disasters as to threaten urban ecological safety. The Red Palm Weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is an IAS for Europe and is the most dangerous and deadly pest for many palm trees, on which its devastating effects are so evident. According to the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization EPPO, the weevil, originally from Malaysia, is considered to be a quarantine pest and initially became naturalized in isolated areas of southeast, southern, and western Asian countries. Today, the RPW is widely distributed in Europe, Africa, Oceania and Asia, and more recently in Curaçao, Netherlands, the Antilles and Orange County, California CDFA . It is also rapidly spreading in the Mediterranean basin through Phoenix canariensis and P. dactylifera date palms; R. ferrugineus was first recorded in Sicily (Italy) in 2005.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)149-165
Numero di pagine17
RivistaConservation Science in Cultural Heritage
Volume12-2012
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012

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Insect
Impoverishment
Italy
Animals
Biodiversity
Asia
Pest
Southeast
Conservation
Antilles
Safety
The Netherlands
Habitat
Aesthetic Value
Predator
Africa
Tourism
Disaster
Oceania
Ecosystem

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title = "Impoverishment of Sicilian (Italy) historical and cultural assets by an alien insect species:the case study of the Real Palm Weevil",
abstract = "Microorganisms and insects have a disastrous impact on the biodiversity, cultural heritage and economy of a geographic area. However, in recent decades, the negative effects of invasive alien species (IAS), including both animal and plant or microorganisms occurring outside their natural distribution range, are generally not well known. Invasive alien species are most often found in or near urban areas, as well as throughout the settled landscape. According to the World Conservation Union, IUCN 2012, IAS represent the second most significant threat to biodiversity after resource depletion of habitats, becoming predators, competitors, parasites, hybridizers and diseases for native plants and animals. They often dominate the ecosystems they invade, upsetting the natural balance that existed prior to their introduction. In addition alien invasive insects can reduce the aesthetic value of urban landscapes and handicap the development of tourism. They can, moreover, destroy urban infrastructures and bring about so many disasters as to threaten urban ecological safety. The Red Palm Weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is an IAS for Europe and is the most dangerous and deadly pest for many palm trees, on which its devastating effects are so evident. According to the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization EPPO, the weevil, originally from Malaysia, is considered to be a quarantine pest and initially became naturalized in isolated areas of southeast, southern, and western Asian countries. Today, the RPW is widely distributed in Europe, Africa, Oceania and Asia, and more recently in Cura{\cc}ao, Netherlands, the Antilles and Orange County, California CDFA . It is also rapidly spreading in the Mediterranean basin through Phoenix canariensis and P. dactylifera date palms; R. ferrugineus was first recorded in Sicily (Italy) in 2005.",
author = "{Billeci, N; Lorusso, Cl} and Franco Palla and Manachini, {Barbara Rosy Ines}",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "12-2012",
pages = "149--165",
journal = "Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage",
issn = "1974-4951",
publisher = "Dipartimento dei Beni Culturali, Alma Mater Studiorum, Universita di Bologna (Ravenna)",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impoverishment of Sicilian (Italy) historical and cultural assets by an alien insect species:the case study of the Real Palm Weevil

AU - Billeci, N; Lorusso, Cl

AU - Palla, Franco

AU - Manachini, Barbara Rosy Ines

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Microorganisms and insects have a disastrous impact on the biodiversity, cultural heritage and economy of a geographic area. However, in recent decades, the negative effects of invasive alien species (IAS), including both animal and plant or microorganisms occurring outside their natural distribution range, are generally not well known. Invasive alien species are most often found in or near urban areas, as well as throughout the settled landscape. According to the World Conservation Union, IUCN 2012, IAS represent the second most significant threat to biodiversity after resource depletion of habitats, becoming predators, competitors, parasites, hybridizers and diseases for native plants and animals. They often dominate the ecosystems they invade, upsetting the natural balance that existed prior to their introduction. In addition alien invasive insects can reduce the aesthetic value of urban landscapes and handicap the development of tourism. They can, moreover, destroy urban infrastructures and bring about so many disasters as to threaten urban ecological safety. The Red Palm Weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is an IAS for Europe and is the most dangerous and deadly pest for many palm trees, on which its devastating effects are so evident. According to the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization EPPO, the weevil, originally from Malaysia, is considered to be a quarantine pest and initially became naturalized in isolated areas of southeast, southern, and western Asian countries. Today, the RPW is widely distributed in Europe, Africa, Oceania and Asia, and more recently in Curaçao, Netherlands, the Antilles and Orange County, California CDFA . It is also rapidly spreading in the Mediterranean basin through Phoenix canariensis and P. dactylifera date palms; R. ferrugineus was first recorded in Sicily (Italy) in 2005.

AB - Microorganisms and insects have a disastrous impact on the biodiversity, cultural heritage and economy of a geographic area. However, in recent decades, the negative effects of invasive alien species (IAS), including both animal and plant or microorganisms occurring outside their natural distribution range, are generally not well known. Invasive alien species are most often found in or near urban areas, as well as throughout the settled landscape. According to the World Conservation Union, IUCN 2012, IAS represent the second most significant threat to biodiversity after resource depletion of habitats, becoming predators, competitors, parasites, hybridizers and diseases for native plants and animals. They often dominate the ecosystems they invade, upsetting the natural balance that existed prior to their introduction. In addition alien invasive insects can reduce the aesthetic value of urban landscapes and handicap the development of tourism. They can, moreover, destroy urban infrastructures and bring about so many disasters as to threaten urban ecological safety. The Red Palm Weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is an IAS for Europe and is the most dangerous and deadly pest for many palm trees, on which its devastating effects are so evident. According to the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization EPPO, the weevil, originally from Malaysia, is considered to be a quarantine pest and initially became naturalized in isolated areas of southeast, southern, and western Asian countries. Today, the RPW is widely distributed in Europe, Africa, Oceania and Asia, and more recently in Curaçao, Netherlands, the Antilles and Orange County, California CDFA . It is also rapidly spreading in the Mediterranean basin through Phoenix canariensis and P. dactylifera date palms; R. ferrugineus was first recorded in Sicily (Italy) in 2005.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/78439

M3 - Article

VL - 12-2012

SP - 149

EP - 165

JO - Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage

JF - Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage

SN - 1974-4951

ER -