Impact of Sex Differences and Diabetes on Coronary Atherosclerosis and Ischemic Heart Disease

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) including coronary artery disease (CAD) and ischemic heart disease (IHD) are the main cause of mortality in industrialized countries. Although it is well known that there is a difference in the risk of these diseases in women and men, current therapy does not consider the sexual dimorphism; i.e., differences in anatomical structures and metabolism of tissues. Here, we discuss how genetic, epigenetic, hormonal, cellular or molecular factors may explain the different CVD risk, especially in high-risk groups such as women with diabetes. We analyze whether sex may modify the effects of diabetes at risk of CAD. Finally, we discuss current diagnostic techniques in the evaluation of CAD and IHD in diabetic women.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)98-
Numero di pagine18
RivistaJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume8
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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