Impact of lifestyle on metabolic syndrome in apparently healthy people

Maria Fatima Massenti, Emanuele Amodio, Silvio Buscemi, Giovam Battista Rini, Giuseppe Grosso, Giuseppe Lucisano, Fabio Galvano, Antonio Nicolucci, Delia Sprini

Risultato della ricerca: Article

26 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Parallel to the increase in obesity, the prevalenceof metabolic syndrome (MetS) is continuallyincreasing, with increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular atherosclerosis diseases. Despite the importance of this public health problem, the relative impact of diet and physical activity on MetS prevalence has yet to be established. We investigated the association between lifestyle, in terms of both habitual dietary pattern and physical activity,and MetS in a cohort of adults without known diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Four hundred seventy-seven randomly selected adult participants were cross-sectionally investigated. Each participant answered a food frequency questionnaire and a questionnaire on physical activity, and underwent routine laboratory blood measurements. MetS was identified in 24.7 % of the cohort. Dietary patterns were not significantly different (P = 0.31) between the groups (with or without MetS).The habitual physical activity level was significantly lower (P = 0.011) in the group with MetS. In particular, prevalence of sedentary participants was 58.1 % in the group with MetS, and 43.9 % in the group without MetS. Multivariate analysis revealed that MetS was associated with age (OR = 1.06, 95 % CI 1.03–1.08) and physical activity level (light vs. sedentary: OR = 0.53, 95 % CI 0.32–0.87; moderate/heavy vs. sedentary: OR = 0.31,95 % CI 0.13–0.75). This study suggests that inadequate physical activity level is associated with MetS. Our results are therefore consonant with the notion of healthier lifestyle changes to counteract the epidemic of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, though adequate interventional trials will be needed in high-risk populations.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)225-232
Numero di pagine8
RivistaEating and Weight Disorders
Volume19
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

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Life Style
Exercise
Cardiovascular Diseases
Atherosclerosis
Multivariate Analysis
Public Health
Obesity
Diet
Light
Food
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cita questo

Impact of lifestyle on metabolic syndrome in apparently healthy people. / Massenti, Maria Fatima; Amodio, Emanuele; Buscemi, Silvio; Rini, Giovam Battista; Grosso, Giuseppe; Lucisano, Giuseppe; Galvano, Fabio; Nicolucci, Antonio; Sprini, Delia.

In: Eating and Weight Disorders, Vol. 19, 2014, pag. 225-232.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Massenti, MF, Amodio, E, Buscemi, S, Rini, GB, Grosso, G, Lucisano, G, Galvano, F, Nicolucci, A & Sprini, D 2014, 'Impact of lifestyle on metabolic syndrome in apparently healthy people', Eating and Weight Disorders, vol. 19, pagg. 225-232.
Massenti, Maria Fatima ; Amodio, Emanuele ; Buscemi, Silvio ; Rini, Giovam Battista ; Grosso, Giuseppe ; Lucisano, Giuseppe ; Galvano, Fabio ; Nicolucci, Antonio ; Sprini, Delia. / Impact of lifestyle on metabolic syndrome in apparently healthy people. In: Eating and Weight Disorders. 2014 ; Vol. 19. pagg. 225-232.
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abstract = "Parallel to the increase in obesity, the prevalenceof metabolic syndrome (MetS) is continuallyincreasing, with increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular atherosclerosis diseases. Despite the importance of this public health problem, the relative impact of diet and physical activity on MetS prevalence has yet to be established. We investigated the association between lifestyle, in terms of both habitual dietary pattern and physical activity,and MetS in a cohort of adults without known diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Four hundred seventy-seven randomly selected adult participants were cross-sectionally investigated. Each participant answered a food frequency questionnaire and a questionnaire on physical activity, and underwent routine laboratory blood measurements. MetS was identified in 24.7 {\%} of the cohort. Dietary patterns were not significantly different (P = 0.31) between the groups (with or without MetS).The habitual physical activity level was significantly lower (P = 0.011) in the group with MetS. In particular, prevalence of sedentary participants was 58.1 {\%} in the group with MetS, and 43.9 {\%} in the group without MetS. Multivariate analysis revealed that MetS was associated with age (OR = 1.06, 95 {\%} CI 1.03–1.08) and physical activity level (light vs. sedentary: OR = 0.53, 95 {\%} CI 0.32–0.87; moderate/heavy vs. sedentary: OR = 0.31,95 {\%} CI 0.13–0.75). This study suggests that inadequate physical activity level is associated with MetS. Our results are therefore consonant with the notion of healthier lifestyle changes to counteract the epidemic of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, though adequate interventional trials will be needed in high-risk populations.",
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AU - Massenti, Maria Fatima

AU - Amodio, Emanuele

AU - Buscemi, Silvio

AU - Rini, Giovam Battista

AU - Grosso, Giuseppe

AU - Lucisano, Giuseppe

AU - Galvano, Fabio

AU - Nicolucci, Antonio

AU - Sprini, Delia

PY - 2014

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N2 - Parallel to the increase in obesity, the prevalenceof metabolic syndrome (MetS) is continuallyincreasing, with increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular atherosclerosis diseases. Despite the importance of this public health problem, the relative impact of diet and physical activity on MetS prevalence has yet to be established. We investigated the association between lifestyle, in terms of both habitual dietary pattern and physical activity,and MetS in a cohort of adults without known diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Four hundred seventy-seven randomly selected adult participants were cross-sectionally investigated. Each participant answered a food frequency questionnaire and a questionnaire on physical activity, and underwent routine laboratory blood measurements. MetS was identified in 24.7 % of the cohort. Dietary patterns were not significantly different (P = 0.31) between the groups (with or without MetS).The habitual physical activity level was significantly lower (P = 0.011) in the group with MetS. In particular, prevalence of sedentary participants was 58.1 % in the group with MetS, and 43.9 % in the group without MetS. Multivariate analysis revealed that MetS was associated with age (OR = 1.06, 95 % CI 1.03–1.08) and physical activity level (light vs. sedentary: OR = 0.53, 95 % CI 0.32–0.87; moderate/heavy vs. sedentary: OR = 0.31,95 % CI 0.13–0.75). This study suggests that inadequate physical activity level is associated with MetS. Our results are therefore consonant with the notion of healthier lifestyle changes to counteract the epidemic of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, though adequate interventional trials will be needed in high-risk populations.

AB - Parallel to the increase in obesity, the prevalenceof metabolic syndrome (MetS) is continuallyincreasing, with increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular atherosclerosis diseases. Despite the importance of this public health problem, the relative impact of diet and physical activity on MetS prevalence has yet to be established. We investigated the association between lifestyle, in terms of both habitual dietary pattern and physical activity,and MetS in a cohort of adults without known diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Four hundred seventy-seven randomly selected adult participants were cross-sectionally investigated. Each participant answered a food frequency questionnaire and a questionnaire on physical activity, and underwent routine laboratory blood measurements. MetS was identified in 24.7 % of the cohort. Dietary patterns were not significantly different (P = 0.31) between the groups (with or without MetS).The habitual physical activity level was significantly lower (P = 0.011) in the group with MetS. In particular, prevalence of sedentary participants was 58.1 % in the group with MetS, and 43.9 % in the group without MetS. Multivariate analysis revealed that MetS was associated with age (OR = 1.06, 95 % CI 1.03–1.08) and physical activity level (light vs. sedentary: OR = 0.53, 95 % CI 0.32–0.87; moderate/heavy vs. sedentary: OR = 0.31,95 % CI 0.13–0.75). This study suggests that inadequate physical activity level is associated with MetS. Our results are therefore consonant with the notion of healthier lifestyle changes to counteract the epidemic of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, though adequate interventional trials will be needed in high-risk populations.

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