Objective: To verify whether immunohistochemistry might be useful in the distinction between a true laterocervical metastasis of an undetected thyroid carcinoma and a primary tumor outside the gland. Design: Galectin-3, cytokeratin 19, and HBME-1 were assessed in six cases (group A) of laterocervical masses harboring papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) but without a thyroid tumor, and in eight cases (group B) showing PTC both in the thyroid and in the laterocervical masses. In both groups, normal-looking follicles adjacent to the laterocervical neoplasia were present. Main outcome: We found that the apparently normal follicles in group A were negative for all the antibodies, while group B showed strong and diffuse positive immunostaining. The neoplastic areas were always positive for all the antibodies in both groups. Conclusion: Even if immunohistochemical patterns of residual follicles of group B are very well differentiated that they resemble normal thyroid parenchyma, they may well be metastatic carcinomas. On the contrary, the presence of morphologically and immunohistochemically normal-looking follicles in group A, with no intrathyroid tumor, suggests that the primary PTC might possibly develop in the ectopic thyroid tissue. In cases showing morphologically and immunohistochemically normal-looking follicles in laterocervical masses, these findings might lead to a reduction of the overdiagnosis of metastatic disease of an undetected carcinoma. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
|Numero di pagine||5|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2007|
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