Imaging biomarkers of behavioral impairments: A pilot micro–positron emission tomographic study in a rat electrical post–status epilepticus model

Valentina Di Liberto, Valentina Di Liberto, Sibylle Ziegler, R. Maarten Van Dijk, Ann Marie Waldron, Matthias Brendel, Barbara Von Ungern-Sternberg, Christina Möller, Magdalena Lindner, Franz Josef Gildehaus, Heidrun Potschka, Rainer Hellweg, Peter Bartenstein, Peter Gass

Risultato della ricerca: Article

10 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: In patients with epilepsy, psychiatric comorbidities can significantly affect the disease course and quality of life. Detecting and recognizing these comorbidities is central in determining an optimal treatment plan. One promising tool in detecting biomarkers for psychiatric comorbidities in epilepsy is positron emission tomography (PET). Methods: Behavioral and biochemical variables were cross-correlated with the results from two μPET scans using the tracers [18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ([18F]FDG) and 2′-methoxyphenyl-(N-2′-pyridinyl)-p-18F-fluoro-benzamidoethylpiperazine ([18F]MPPF) to explore potential biomarkers for neurobehavioral comorbidities in an electrically induced post–status epilepticus rat model of epilepsy. Results: In rats with epilepsy, μPET analysis revealed a local reduction in hippocampal [18F]FDG uptake, and a local increase in [18F]MPPF binding. These changes exhibited a correlation with burrowing as a “luxury” behavior, social interaction, and anxiety-associated behavioral patterns. Interestingly, hippocampal [18F]FDG uptake did not correlate with spontaneous recurrent seizure activity. Significance: In the electrically induced post–status epilepticus rat model, we demonstrated hippocampal hypometabolism and its correlation with a range of neurobehavioral alterations. These findings require further confirmation in other preclinical models and patients with epilepsy and psychiatric disorders to address the value of [18F]FDG uptake as an imaging biomarker candidate for psychiatric comorbidities in patients as well as for severity assessment in rodent epilepsy models.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2194-2205
Numero di pagine12
RivistaEPILEPSIA
Volume59
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Di Liberto, V., Di Liberto, V., Ziegler, S., Van Dijk, R. M., Waldron, A. M., Brendel, M., Von Ungern-Sternberg, B., Möller, C., Lindner, M., Gildehaus, F. J., Potschka, H., Hellweg, R., Bartenstein, P., & Gass, P. (2018). Imaging biomarkers of behavioral impairments: A pilot micro–positron emission tomographic study in a rat electrical post–status epilepticus model. EPILEPSIA, 59, 2194-2205.