Francesco Fauci, Antonio Cimino, Davide Gurrera, Antonino Oieni, Rosario Grammauta

Risultato della ricerca: Other


It is generally acknowledged that vulnerability mapping represents an essential tool for territory management.Intrinsic vulnerability can be generally described as “the susceptibility of the aquifer systems, in their differentcomponents and in different geometric and hydrodynamics situations, to swallow and diffuse, also mitigating theeffects, a fluid or water-transported pollutant, in such a way to produce impact on the groundwater quality, in spaceand time”. Assessment procedures of vulnerability consider a number of parameters, the estimation of which isusually difficult and very often insufficient to correctly represent aquifer’s features. As aquifers are closely influencedby numerous factors, their behavior is difficult to be predicted. For example, the most common methods to evaluatevulnerability, like SINTACS, assign scores and weights to a number of parameters, mainly depending ongranulometric and textural properties, the estimation of which is frequently arduous and sometimes inadequate toperform reliable and accurate models of water systems.This paper shows the first results of a study about the expected correlation among selected maps of SINTACS system.They belong to the original set of seven parameters, utilized to perform a vulnerability cartography for a genericzone. Several SINTACS applications have been realized on sites of Italian Peninsula characterized by meaningfulsocial-economic importance. Advanced modifications to the available standard are producing new protocols moreappropriate for the surveyed areas. The aim was to validate the hypothesis to obtain similar information as respect tothe original method by using just a selection of the seven maps. In order to assess this potential correlation resultingin superfluous information, a full statistical analysis has been performed on data from some urbanized areas of Sicily- namely Carini, Acquedolci and S. Agata di Militello - and results are reported in the present work.More specifically, Pearson's linear correlation coefficient matrixes have been computed and analyzed for each differentcouple of variables, maps being shifted both horizontally and vertically. In order to determine boundary values ofthose parameters indicating a similarity grade between a couple of identical maps, the correlation coefficient trendhas been also investigated among the mentioned couple of maps, again shifted both horizontally and vertically. Itresults that in the analyzed data the investigated correlation actually exists. This strongly suggests to developadjustments to the available standards, trying to create new protocols more adherent to the particular sites underinvestigation. In this particular case, for example, a considerable refinement of the SINTACS approach could beachieved using just five parameters instead of seven. In fact, it results that the map giving the vulnerability indexes -obtained after such parameters reduction - is statistically equivalent to that resulting through the original SINTACSapproach.Software utilized in the shown procedure has been implemented in Matlab® environment. The numerical approacheshave methodically permitted to realize a severe selection and reduction of parameters and to outline - in certain Sicilyareas - the real importance of selected SINTACS factors, clearly influencing the transport processes of contaminantstowards the aquifer. As a matter of fact, the investigated aquifers can be defined as complex ecological systems, theirdepiction seeming likely to be closely conditioned by a number of geometrical and hydrogeological parameters, which
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine2
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009


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