Illness perception, mood and coping strategies in allergic rhinitis: are there differences among ARIA classes of severity?

Nicola Scichilone, Giselda Colombo, Gian Enrico Senna, Giorgio W. Canonica, Antonino Musarra, Mariangiola Crivellaro, Erminia Ridolo, Ilaria Baiardini, Stefania Menoni, Federica Gani, Federica Fumagalli, Valerio Pravettoni, Oliviero Rossi, Fulvio Braido

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11 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This study was designed to assess if illness perception, mood state and coping strategies differ according to allergic rhinitis (AR) persistence and severity. Methods: Illness perception, mood profiles, coping behaviors and rhinitis symptoms were assessed by means of validated tools in patients classified according to the Allergic Rhinitis and Its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) guidelines. Results: Two hundred and thirty-one patients underwent data analysis. No difference in age, sex, socio-economic status, smoking habits was detected comparing patients according to AR severity, duration or 4 ARIA classes. Patients with intermittent AR reported higher scores than those with persistent AR in confusion bewilderment of Profile of Mood States (POMS); patients with moderate/severe rhinitis had significantly higher scores than those with mild rhinitis in T5SS, Identity and Consequences. No differences were detected in all assessed outcomes in the 4 ARIA classes. Conclusions: The patient's perspective about AR is independent of persistence and severity of symptoms. This may explain why AR remains under-diagnosed and under-treated, even in its most severe forms. Self-management plans should consider the patient's perspective.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)66-71
Numero di pagine6
RivistaRhinology
Volume52
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cita questo

Scichilone, N., Colombo, G., Senna, G. E., Canonica, G. W., Musarra, A., Crivellaro, M., Ridolo, E., Baiardini, I., Menoni, S., Gani, F., Fumagalli, F., Pravettoni, V., Rossi, O., & Braido, F. (2014). Illness perception, mood and coping strategies in allergic rhinitis: are there differences among ARIA classes of severity? Rhinology, 52, 66-71.