Illicit drugs consumption evaluation by wastewater-based epidemiology in the urban area of Palermo city (Italy)

Alida Cosenza, Carmelo Massimo Maida, Fabio Tramuto, Francesca Di Gaudio, Walter Mazzucco, Gaspare Viviani, Donatella Piscionieri, Francesca Di Gaudio, Donatella Piscionieri

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Abstract

Introduction. A wastewater-based epidemiology approach was performed to estimate the drug consumption in Palermo city, the fifth largest city of Italy with a population of 671 696 inhabitants, and to investigate the monthly variability of drug loads in wastewater from different areas of the city. A seven-months detection campaign was conducted at the two wastewater treatment plants of the city.Methods. Following a pre-treatment, 32 samples of wastewater were analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.Results. We estimated a mean cocaine use in Palermo of 0.19 g/day/1000 people, corresponding to 1.90 doses/1000 people and cannabinoids use of 2.85 g/day/1000 people, corresponding to 35.62 doses/1000 people. Amphetamines residues in wastewater were always recovered in concentrations lower than the limit of quantification.Conclusion. Our findings showed that drugs consumption in Palermo is in line with those of other Italian cities and that no significant differences on prevalence on cocaine and cannabinoids consumption were recorded in the different months of the survey, except for the summer period in a wastewater treatment plant of the city.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)192-198
Numero di pagine7
RivistaANNALI DELL'ISTITUTO SUPERIORE DI SANITÀ
Volume53
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

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Drug Evaluation
Street Drugs
Waste Water
Italy
Epidemiology
Cannabinoids
Cocaine
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Amphetamines
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Liquid Chromatography
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cita questo

@article{34a642bf25ae41669f1196fdd8a31e98,
title = "Illicit drugs consumption evaluation by wastewater-based epidemiology in the urban area of Palermo city (Italy)",
abstract = "Introduction. A wastewater-based epidemiology approach was performed to estimate the drug consumption in Palermo city, the fifth largest city of Italy with a population of 671 696 inhabitants, and to investigate the monthly variability of drug loads in wastewater from different areas of the city. A seven-months detection campaign was conducted at the two wastewater treatment plants of the city.Methods. Following a pre-treatment, 32 samples of wastewater were analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.Results. We estimated a mean cocaine use in Palermo of 0.19 g/day/1000 people, corresponding to 1.90 doses/1000 people and cannabinoids use of 2.85 g/day/1000 people, corresponding to 35.62 doses/1000 people. Amphetamines residues in wastewater were always recovered in concentrations lower than the limit of quantification.Conclusion. Our findings showed that drugs consumption in Palermo is in line with those of other Italian cities and that no significant differences on prevalence on cocaine and cannabinoids consumption were recorded in the different months of the survey, except for the summer period in a wastewater treatment plant of the city.",
author = "Alida Cosenza and Maida, {Carmelo Massimo} and Fabio Tramuto and {Di Gaudio}, Francesca and Walter Mazzucco and Gaspare Viviani and Donatella Piscionieri and {Di Gaudio}, Francesca and Donatella Piscionieri",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "192--198",
journal = "Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita",
issn = "0021-2571",
publisher = "Istituto Superiore di Sanita",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Illicit drugs consumption evaluation by wastewater-based epidemiology in the urban area of Palermo city (Italy)

AU - Cosenza, Alida

AU - Maida, Carmelo Massimo

AU - Tramuto, Fabio

AU - Di Gaudio, Francesca

AU - Mazzucco, Walter

AU - Viviani, Gaspare

AU - Piscionieri, Donatella

AU - Di Gaudio, Francesca

AU - Piscionieri, Donatella

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Introduction. A wastewater-based epidemiology approach was performed to estimate the drug consumption in Palermo city, the fifth largest city of Italy with a population of 671 696 inhabitants, and to investigate the monthly variability of drug loads in wastewater from different areas of the city. A seven-months detection campaign was conducted at the two wastewater treatment plants of the city.Methods. Following a pre-treatment, 32 samples of wastewater were analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.Results. We estimated a mean cocaine use in Palermo of 0.19 g/day/1000 people, corresponding to 1.90 doses/1000 people and cannabinoids use of 2.85 g/day/1000 people, corresponding to 35.62 doses/1000 people. Amphetamines residues in wastewater were always recovered in concentrations lower than the limit of quantification.Conclusion. Our findings showed that drugs consumption in Palermo is in line with those of other Italian cities and that no significant differences on prevalence on cocaine and cannabinoids consumption were recorded in the different months of the survey, except for the summer period in a wastewater treatment plant of the city.

AB - Introduction. A wastewater-based epidemiology approach was performed to estimate the drug consumption in Palermo city, the fifth largest city of Italy with a population of 671 696 inhabitants, and to investigate the monthly variability of drug loads in wastewater from different areas of the city. A seven-months detection campaign was conducted at the two wastewater treatment plants of the city.Methods. Following a pre-treatment, 32 samples of wastewater were analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.Results. We estimated a mean cocaine use in Palermo of 0.19 g/day/1000 people, corresponding to 1.90 doses/1000 people and cannabinoids use of 2.85 g/day/1000 people, corresponding to 35.62 doses/1000 people. Amphetamines residues in wastewater were always recovered in concentrations lower than the limit of quantification.Conclusion. Our findings showed that drugs consumption in Palermo is in line with those of other Italian cities and that no significant differences on prevalence on cocaine and cannabinoids consumption were recorded in the different months of the survey, except for the summer period in a wastewater treatment plant of the city.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/241959

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 192

EP - 198

JO - Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita

JF - Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita

SN - 0021-2571

ER -