The essay reflects on the interaction between fire and architecture and, with respect to this critical perspective, recovers as its beginning the 1851 book by Gottfried Semper, The four elements of architecture, in which base, fire, fence and roof, first that constructive parts are the result of human behavior. Semper’s theories, acknowledged by the Chicago School, between the mid and late nineteenth century, are the basis of many Frank Lloyd Wright homes where the fireplace is the fulcrum of radiating heat, light and, above all, space. In these houses taken into consideration, almost all designed for wealthy clients, the fire therefore takes on a symbolic-spatial role while the ‘hearth’ for the preparation of food takes place in the kitchen. The subordinate role of this environment is redeemed by Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky’s famous Frankfurter Küche which, in fact, is decisive in the realization of Ernst May’s Siedlungen in Frankfurt. In the final part of the text, the reflection proposes an analogy between house and church and between fire and light taking into consideration the typology of the ecclesia sine tecto, in which the contrast between the shaded part of the presbytery, in which the altar, and the classroom entirely sub divo. Through some didactic projects the relevance of this special church is demonstrated which, in an exemplary way, makes us understand the architectural and liturgical difference between Ecclesia and temple.
|Titolo della pubblicazione ospite||ARCHI_Cottura Atelier per lo spazio domestico. Fra cibo, architettura e design.|
|Numero di pagine||9|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2020|