IL-17A-associated IKK-α signaling induced TSLP production in epithelial cells of COPD patients

Giulia Anzalone, Fabio Bucchieri, Giusy Daniela Albano, Giusy Daniela Albano, Angela Marina Montalbano, Giulia Anzalone, Monica Moscato, Loredana Riccobono, Rosalia Gagliardo, Mirella Profita, Anna Bonanno, Roberto Marchese, Anna Maria Bonanno, Roberto Marchese, Rosalia Paola Gagliardo

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Abstract

Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a cytokine expressed in the epithelium, involved in the pathogenesis of chronic disease. IL-17A regulates airway inflammation, oxidative stress, and reduction of steroid sensitivity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). TSLP and IL-17A were measured in induced sputum supernatants (ISs) from healthy controls (HC), healthy smokers (HS), and COPD patients by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Human bronchial epithelial cell line (16HBE) and normal bronchial epithelial cells were stimulated with rhIL-17A or ISs from COPD patients to evaluate TSLP protein and mRNA expression. The effects of the depletion of IL-17A in ISs, an anticholinergic drug, and the silencing of inhibitor kappa kinase alpha (IKKα) on TSLP production were evaluated in 16HBE cells. Coimmunoprecipitation of acetyl-histone H3(Lys14)/IKKα was evaluated in 16HBE cells treated with rhIL-17A and in the presence of the drug. TSLP and IL-17A levels were higher in ISs from COPD patients and HS compared with HC. TSLP protein and mRNA increased in 16HBE cells and in normal bronchial epithelial cells stimulated with ISs from COPD patients compared with ISs from HC and untreated cells. IKKα silencing reduced TSLP production in 16HBE cells stimulated with rhIL-17A and ISs from COPD patients. RhIL-17A increased the IKKα/acetyl-histone H3 immunoprecipitation in 16HBE cells. The anticholinergic drug affects TSLP protein and mRNA levels in bronchial epithelial cells treated with rhIL-17A or with ISs from COPD patients, and IKKα mediated acetyl-histone H3(Lys14). IL-17A/IKKα signaling induced the mechanism of chromatin remodeling associated with acetyl-histone H3(Lys14) and TSLP production in bronchial epithelial cells. Anticholinergic drugs might target TSLP derived from epithelial cells during the treatment of COPD.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)131-
Numero di pagine12
RivistaExperimental and Molecular Medicine
Volume50
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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    Anzalone, G., Bucchieri, F., Albano, G. D., Albano, G. D., Montalbano, A. M., Anzalone, G., Moscato, M., Riccobono, L., Gagliardo, R., Profita, M., Bonanno, A., Marchese, R., Bonanno, A. M., Marchese, R., & Gagliardo, R. P. (2018). IL-17A-associated IKK-α signaling induced TSLP production in epithelial cells of COPD patients. Experimental and Molecular Medicine, 50, 131-.