Identification of insulin in chick embryo retina during development and its inhibitory effect on DNA synthesis

Tesoriere, G.

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17 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Incubation of chick embryo retinal explants with insulin resulted in a pronounced inhibition of thymidine uptake and incorporation into trichloroacetic acid-insoluble fraction. The inhibitory effect was highest with explants from embryos at day 7 and day 8, and thereafter it declined markedly with the age of embryos until day 11. A time-course study of the effect revealed that the inhibition occurred after a lag time; both thymidine uptake and incorporation were not altered significantly after 2-6 h of incubation with insulin, but began to decrease thereafter, reaching the maximum after 16 h. The effect was also dose dependent. After 16 h of incubation, the maximal inhibition (65%) was found with 10(-8) M insulin. Insulin caused similar effects also on thymidine kinase activity. All these effects were obtained by using minimal essential medium without glutamine. The addition of glutamine to the medium reduced the inhibitory effect of insulin. Retinas of chick embryos contain immunoreactive insulin. Retinal immunoreactive insulin was at the highest level (1.12 ng/mg of protein) in the youngest retinas studied (day 6), then it declined with age, reaching the lowest value (0.58 ng/mg of protein) at day 14. This value did not vary significantly during the third week of development. A potential biological role of insulin in retinal development is discussed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1353-1359
Numero di pagine7
RivistaJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume58
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cita questo

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title = "Identification of insulin in chick embryo retina during development and its inhibitory effect on DNA synthesis",
abstract = "Incubation of chick embryo retinal explants with insulin resulted in a pronounced inhibition of thymidine uptake and incorporation into trichloroacetic acid-insoluble fraction. The inhibitory effect was highest with explants from embryos at day 7 and day 8, and thereafter it declined markedly with the age of embryos until day 11. A time-course study of the effect revealed that the inhibition occurred after a lag time; both thymidine uptake and incorporation were not altered significantly after 2-6 h of incubation with insulin, but began to decrease thereafter, reaching the maximum after 16 h. The effect was also dose dependent. After 16 h of incubation, the maximal inhibition (65{\%}) was found with 10(-8) M insulin. Insulin caused similar effects also on thymidine kinase activity. All these effects were obtained by using minimal essential medium without glutamine. The addition of glutamine to the medium reduced the inhibitory effect of insulin. Retinas of chick embryos contain immunoreactive insulin. Retinal immunoreactive insulin was at the highest level (1.12 ng/mg of protein) in the youngest retinas studied (day 6), then it declined with age, reaching the lowest value (0.58 ng/mg of protein) at day 14. This value did not vary significantly during the third week of development. A potential biological role of insulin in retinal development is discussed.",
author = "{Tesoriere, G.} and Giuseppe Calvaruso and Renza Vento and Gennaro Taibi and Michela Giuliano",
year = "1992",
language = "English",
volume = "58",
pages = "1353--1359",
journal = "Journal of Neurochemistry",
issn = "0022-3042",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Identification of insulin in chick embryo retina during development and its inhibitory effect on DNA synthesis

AU - Tesoriere, G.

AU - Calvaruso, Giuseppe

AU - Vento, Renza

AU - Taibi, Gennaro

AU - Giuliano, Michela

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - Incubation of chick embryo retinal explants with insulin resulted in a pronounced inhibition of thymidine uptake and incorporation into trichloroacetic acid-insoluble fraction. The inhibitory effect was highest with explants from embryos at day 7 and day 8, and thereafter it declined markedly with the age of embryos until day 11. A time-course study of the effect revealed that the inhibition occurred after a lag time; both thymidine uptake and incorporation were not altered significantly after 2-6 h of incubation with insulin, but began to decrease thereafter, reaching the maximum after 16 h. The effect was also dose dependent. After 16 h of incubation, the maximal inhibition (65%) was found with 10(-8) M insulin. Insulin caused similar effects also on thymidine kinase activity. All these effects were obtained by using minimal essential medium without glutamine. The addition of glutamine to the medium reduced the inhibitory effect of insulin. Retinas of chick embryos contain immunoreactive insulin. Retinal immunoreactive insulin was at the highest level (1.12 ng/mg of protein) in the youngest retinas studied (day 6), then it declined with age, reaching the lowest value (0.58 ng/mg of protein) at day 14. This value did not vary significantly during the third week of development. A potential biological role of insulin in retinal development is discussed.

AB - Incubation of chick embryo retinal explants with insulin resulted in a pronounced inhibition of thymidine uptake and incorporation into trichloroacetic acid-insoluble fraction. The inhibitory effect was highest with explants from embryos at day 7 and day 8, and thereafter it declined markedly with the age of embryos until day 11. A time-course study of the effect revealed that the inhibition occurred after a lag time; both thymidine uptake and incorporation were not altered significantly after 2-6 h of incubation with insulin, but began to decrease thereafter, reaching the maximum after 16 h. The effect was also dose dependent. After 16 h of incubation, the maximal inhibition (65%) was found with 10(-8) M insulin. Insulin caused similar effects also on thymidine kinase activity. All these effects were obtained by using minimal essential medium without glutamine. The addition of glutamine to the medium reduced the inhibitory effect of insulin. Retinas of chick embryos contain immunoreactive insulin. Retinal immunoreactive insulin was at the highest level (1.12 ng/mg of protein) in the youngest retinas studied (day 6), then it declined with age, reaching the lowest value (0.58 ng/mg of protein) at day 14. This value did not vary significantly during the third week of development. A potential biological role of insulin in retinal development is discussed.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/65735

M3 - Article

VL - 58

SP - 1353

EP - 1359

JO - Journal of Neurochemistry

JF - Journal of Neurochemistry

SN - 0022-3042

ER -