I musei naturalistici come presidi ambientali e culturali. L'Orto botanico di Palermo

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Abstract

The function of the Botanical Gardens, basically, is expressed in the conservation, scientific research, exhibitions and educational activities.The strengths of the social action of these types of museums derives from the ability to produce and disseminate scientific knowledge on the wealth possessed asset.A series of planetary emergencies and the uncertain outlook for the environment, societies, economies of all the nations of the world constitute the scenario today.This situation requires the construction of new forms of collective feel, think and act in the search for solutions to contemporary problems.It is therefore, for science museums, to undertake a project socio-cultural and challenging broader than that characterized them historically.In the context of the museum world are already thinking about the most extensive and open to forms of social participation and dialogue with citizens. Even the dissemination of scientific culture is being presented, "in society and for society as a function of enrichment educational, cultural and intellectual, of the construction of free and critical thought, peace, sustainability, democratization of the world" as required by the 'Unesco in 1999 with the Declaration on science and the use of scientific knowledge.A renewal of the objectives museums, creating a new culture of sustainable future, therefore, requires profound changes and affects not only the content but also the entire strategy, management and life of the museums.You have to start from here to the training of operators able to connect the technical-economic dimension with the socio-cultural and propose new cultural synthesis.The Botanical Garden is a particular type of museum, a living museum, lively and changeable in different seasons of the year.It represents wisdom, the culture of a people who knows how to take care of this priceless heritage that is our land.Some science museums have already embarked on the road of innovation in research and conservation. The increasingly important role that assumes the conservation of biodiversity and the study of environmental problems is validated by many studies carried out, which witnesses the great attention to the preservation of natural resources, but also the awareness of the need to involve citizens, through open access to collections and research.To begin to think about a new socio-cultural role of the Botanical Gardens, and not only on the pedagogical aspects, we should start thinking about a wide variety of activities, languages and communication techniques, including the game, the art, the techniques multimedia, but also public events, "laboratories of doing", training for job placement projects (eg, building of traditional shops, etc..).The educational role of museums must therefore innovate beyond the usual dynamic transmission models in favor of teaching and communication more active and participatory.The Botanical Gardens must pay particular attention to the territory and its enhancement. The territorial identity increasingly takes on the value of attribute and strategic input immaterial local socio-economic development, to become an extraordinary resource expendable for the purpose of enhancement of places, acquiring new museum services - such as new systems and networks, new forms of partnerships between museums, institutions and individuals - more than corresponding to the complexity of the territory.It is obvious that this stimulates the revision of the criteria and methodologies currently used for both the design as well as for the planning of products, services, communic
Lingua originaleItalian
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteIl design dei beni culturali Crisi territorio identità
Pagine96-107
Numero di pagine12
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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