Hydrothermal fluid flow structures at Solfatara volcano, Somma-Vesuvius volcanic complex and Mt. Etna.

Risultato della ricerca: Otherpeer review

Abstract

Solfatara (Campi Flegrei):We present the first detailed 3-D Resistivity model of the Solfatara-Pisciarelli area, obtained from numerousERT surveys during the “MED-SUV” Project. This inversion was performed by taking into account 44 000ERT data points, as well as surface e-m resistivity measurements and the magneto-tellurics model from A.Siniscalchi et al. respectively as surface and bottom boundary conditions. The 3-D resistivity structure wellmatches with the CO2 flux, temperature and self-potential variations at the crater surface. This model clearlyhighlights the main geological units of the area (Monte Olibano, Solfatara crypto-dome, layers of eruptivedeposits), and the structures of hydrothermal fluids flow in the Solfatara crater. We particularly focus on theFangaia liquid plume, and the feeding system of Bocca Nuova and Bocca Grande fumaroles. We also presentthe time-lapse resistivity variations measured on the eastern flank of Solfatara that show the dynamics of thisactive hydrothermal system.Somma-Vesuvius:Vesuvius is perhaps the volcano with the highest risk in the world threatening the 800,000 residents living onits slopes. In March 2014 an extensive field work was carried out in the framework of the “MED-SUV”Project. The aim of this survey was to identify the hydrothermal system and its fluid circulation dynamics aswell as the structural boundaries associated to this volcanic complex. A high resolution deep ElectricalResistivity Tomography, 64 electrodes, 40m spacing, was performed along a NW-SE profile, 7km long,coupled with self-potential, temperature (30cm depth), and soil degassing (CO2) with a step of 20m. ERTmeasurements were performed with a Wenner configuration and reached 500m depth. Inside Somma caldera,the resistivity cross-section of Vesuvius cone displays a conductive body (20-100 ohm.m) located beneaththe present-day summit crater and interpreted as its hydrothermal system. This latter is also revealed by thecharacteristic “W” shape of self-potential signal showing with its minima a hydrothermal system of aboutMED-SUV Final MeetingRome 6 | 7 April 2016491,7km in diameter. The top of the hydrothermal system is at about 200-250m below the surface, except alongfour areas characterized by vertical rising of hydrothermal fluids up to the surface. These areas have beenevidenced by temperature anomalies (increase of 6-13°C). The largest structure allowing this preferential fluidflow is the 1906s crater rim, while the two others temperature peaks are located close to the present-dayfumarolic area. In the lower part of Vesuvius cone, outside of the hydrothermal system, it is possible to detecton both side of the edifice, a sub-vertical body of about 800-1000 ohm.m isolated by higher resistivity values(2500-3000 ohm.m). The more conductive body can be associated with a break in slope in the topography andalso to higher CO2 concentration. This structural boundary seems to fit with the 1631s crater rim.Etna:Between June and July 2015 a very deep ERT profile (Pole-Dipole configuration, 40m spacing betweenelectrodes and a remote electrode located at ~10km from the acquisition points) has been performed in theframework of the “MED-SUV” Project. Self-potential (SP), soil gas concentrations (CO2, 222Rn, 220Rn, He,H2 and CH4) and soil temperature (T) measurements were coupled to the ERT profile with a spacing of 20m(except for Rn: 40m). The NE-SW profile crossed Etnas summit craters in the middle of the 5720m ERTtotal length. Six roll along protocols of . of the dispositive (600m out of 2520m tot) have been carried outand, for
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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