Hydrophilic and hydrophobic copolymers of a polyasparthylhydrazide bearing positive charges as vector for gene therapy

Giovanna Pitarresi, Gaetano Giammona, Gennara Cavallaro, Mariano Licciardi, Mariano Licciardi, Gennara Cavallaro, Giovanna Pitarresi, Gaetano Giammona, Delia Mandracchia

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5 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The design of polymeric vectors for gene delivery provided with specific properties is one of the most critical aspects for a successful gene therapy. These polymers should be biocompatible as well as able to carry efficiently DNA to target tissues and to transfect it into cells. Results: The formation of complexes of poly[(α,β-asparthylhydrazide)-poly(ethylene glycol)] and poly[(α,β-asparthylhydrazide)-hexadecylamine] copolymers functionalised with glycidyltrimethylammonium chloride (PAHy-PEG-GTA and PAHy-C16-GTA, respectively) with DNA was studied. The effects of the introduction of hydrophilic (PEG) or hydrophobic (C16) moieties on the chains of PAHy-GTA copolymers, such as the stabilising effect on the DNA structure, were evaluated. In particular, we observed a high DNA protection by PAHy-PEG-GTA copolymers. Degradation studies led us to suppose a particular aqueous conformation of the polyionic complex of PAHy-PEG2000-GTA in which DNA should be internalised into an inner core surrounded by a PEG hydrophilic shell; while no significant protection was detected with PAHy-C16-GTA in which DNA should be disposed on the surface of the complex, freely exposed to DNase II action. Conclusion: The insertion of PEG or C16 chains into the polymeric structure of PAHy-GTA copolymers changes significantly the DNA complexing and protecting ability of the PAHy-GTA copolymers, showing that hydrophilic and hydrophobic side chains can play a crucial role in supramolecular arrangements of interpolyelectrolyte complexes between DNA and PAHy copolymers.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)708-713
Numero di pagine6
RivistaPolymer International
Volume57
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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