Human nasoseptal chondrocytes maintain their differentiated phenotype on PLLA scaffolds produced by thermally induced phase separation and supplemented with bioactive glass 1393

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

Damage of hyaline cartilage such as nasoseptal cartilage requires proper reconstruction, which remains challenging due to its low intrinsic repair capacity. Implantation of autologous chondrocytes in combination with a biomimetic biomaterial represents a promising strategy to support cartilage repair. Despite so far mostly tested for bone tissue engineering, bioactive glass (BG) could exert stimulatory effects on chondrogenesis. The aim of this work was to produce and characterize composite porous poly(L-lactide) (PLLA)/1393BG scaffolds via thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) technique and assess their effects on chondrogenesis of nasoseptal chondrocytes. The PLLA scaffolds without or with 1, 2.5, 5% BG1393 were prepared via TIPS technique starting from a ternary solution (polymer/solvent/non-solvent) in a single step. Scaffolds were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetric analysis (DSC). Human nasoseptal chondrocytes were seeded on the scaffolds with 1 and 2.5% BG for 7 and 14 days and cell survival, attachment, morphology and expression of SOX9 and cartilage-specific extracellular cartilage matrix (ECM) components were monitored. The majority of chondrocytes survived on all PLLA scaffolds functionalized with BG for the whole culture period. Also inner parts of the scaffold were colonized by chondrocytes synthesizing an ECM which contained glycosaminoglycans. Type II collagen and aggrecan gene expression increased significantly in 1% BG scaffolds during the culture. Chondrocyte protein expression for cartilage ECM proteins indicated that the chondrocytes maintained their differentiated phenotype in the scaffolds. BG could serve as a cytocompatible basis for future scaffold composites for osteochondral cartilage defect repair. Abbreviations: AB: alcian blue ACAN: gene coding for aggrecan; BG: Bioactive glass; 2D: two-dimensional; 3D: three-dimensional; COL2A1: gene coding for type II collagen; DAPI: 4ʹ,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole; DMEM: Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium; DMMB: dimethylmethylene blue; DSC: Differential scanning calorimetric analysis; ECM: extracellular matrix; EDTA: ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; EtBr: ethidium bromide; FCS: fetal calf serum; FDA: fluorescein diacetate; GAG: glycosaminoglycans; HDPE: high density polyethylene; HE: hematoxylin and eosin staining; HCA: hydoxylapatite; PBE: phosphate buffered EDTA100 mM Na2HPO4 and 5 mM EDTA, pH8; PBS: phosphate buffered saline; PFA: paraformaldehyde; PG: proteoglycans; PI: propidium iodide; PLLA: Poly-L-Lactic Acid Scaffold; RT: room temperature; SD: standard deviation; SEM: scanning electron microscopy; sGAG: sulfated glycosaminoglycans; SOX9/Sox9: SRY (sex-determining region Y)-box 9 protein; TBS: TRIS buffered saline; TIPS: Thermally Induced Phase Separation; XRD: X-ray diffraction analysis.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-14
Numero di pagine14
RivistaConnective Tissue Research
Volume1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

Fingerprint

Bioactive glass
Chondrocytes
Cartilage
Scaffolds
Phase separation
Glass
Phenotype
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Extracellular Matrix
Edetic Acid
X-Ray Diffraction
Aggrecans
Chondrogenesis
Collagen Type II
A73025
Polyethylene
Glycosaminoglycans
Repair
SOX Transcription Factors
Scanning

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rheumatology
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Biochemistry

Cita questo

@article{f8c3fb80494a42f5bde14b982f7b27cc,
title = "Human nasoseptal chondrocytes maintain their differentiated phenotype on PLLA scaffolds produced by thermally induced phase separation and supplemented with bioactive glass 1393",
abstract = "Damage of hyaline cartilage such as nasoseptal cartilage requires proper reconstruction, which remains challenging due to its low intrinsic repair capacity. Implantation of autologous chondrocytes in combination with a biomimetic biomaterial represents a promising strategy to support cartilage repair. Despite so far mostly tested for bone tissue engineering, bioactive glass (BG) could exert stimulatory effects on chondrogenesis. The aim of this work was to produce and characterize composite porous poly(L-lactide) (PLLA)/1393BG scaffolds via thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) technique and assess their effects on chondrogenesis of nasoseptal chondrocytes. The PLLA scaffolds without or with 1, 2.5, 5{\%} BG1393 were prepared via TIPS technique starting from a ternary solution (polymer/solvent/non-solvent) in a single step. Scaffolds were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetric analysis (DSC). Human nasoseptal chondrocytes were seeded on the scaffolds with 1 and 2.5{\%} BG for 7 and 14 days and cell survival, attachment, morphology and expression of SOX9 and cartilage-specific extracellular cartilage matrix (ECM) components were monitored. The majority of chondrocytes survived on all PLLA scaffolds functionalized with BG for the whole culture period. Also inner parts of the scaffold were colonized by chondrocytes synthesizing an ECM which contained glycosaminoglycans. Type II collagen and aggrecan gene expression increased significantly in 1{\%} BG scaffolds during the culture. Chondrocyte protein expression for cartilage ECM proteins indicated that the chondrocytes maintained their differentiated phenotype in the scaffolds. BG could serve as a cytocompatible basis for future scaffold composites for osteochondral cartilage defect repair. Abbreviations: AB: alcian blue ACAN: gene coding for aggrecan; BG: Bioactive glass; 2D: two-dimensional; 3D: three-dimensional; COL2A1: gene coding for type II collagen; DAPI: 4ʹ,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole; DMEM: Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium; DMMB: dimethylmethylene blue; DSC: Differential scanning calorimetric analysis; ECM: extracellular matrix; EDTA: ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; EtBr: ethidium bromide; FCS: fetal calf serum; FDA: fluorescein diacetate; GAG: glycosaminoglycans; HDPE: high density polyethylene; HE: hematoxylin and eosin staining; HCA: hydoxylapatite; PBE: phosphate buffered EDTA100 mM Na2HPO4 and 5 mM EDTA, pH8; PBS: phosphate buffered saline; PFA: paraformaldehyde; PG: proteoglycans; PI: propidium iodide; PLLA: Poly-L-Lactic Acid Scaffold; RT: room temperature; SD: standard deviation; SEM: scanning electron microscopy; sGAG: sulfated glycosaminoglycans; SOX9/Sox9: SRY (sex-determining region Y)-box 9 protein; TBS: TRIS buffered saline; TIPS: Thermally Induced Phase Separation; XRD: X-ray diffraction analysis.",
author = "Brucato, {Valerio Maria Bartolo} and {La Carrubba}, Vincenzo and {Carfi' Pavia}, Francesco and Gioacchino Conoscenti",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "1--14",
journal = "Connective Tissue Research",
issn = "0300-8207",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Human nasoseptal chondrocytes maintain their differentiated phenotype on PLLA scaffolds produced by thermally induced phase separation and supplemented with bioactive glass 1393

AU - Brucato, Valerio Maria Bartolo

AU - La Carrubba, Vincenzo

AU - Carfi' Pavia, Francesco

AU - Conoscenti, Gioacchino

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Damage of hyaline cartilage such as nasoseptal cartilage requires proper reconstruction, which remains challenging due to its low intrinsic repair capacity. Implantation of autologous chondrocytes in combination with a biomimetic biomaterial represents a promising strategy to support cartilage repair. Despite so far mostly tested for bone tissue engineering, bioactive glass (BG) could exert stimulatory effects on chondrogenesis. The aim of this work was to produce and characterize composite porous poly(L-lactide) (PLLA)/1393BG scaffolds via thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) technique and assess their effects on chondrogenesis of nasoseptal chondrocytes. The PLLA scaffolds without or with 1, 2.5, 5% BG1393 were prepared via TIPS technique starting from a ternary solution (polymer/solvent/non-solvent) in a single step. Scaffolds were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetric analysis (DSC). Human nasoseptal chondrocytes were seeded on the scaffolds with 1 and 2.5% BG for 7 and 14 days and cell survival, attachment, morphology and expression of SOX9 and cartilage-specific extracellular cartilage matrix (ECM) components were monitored. The majority of chondrocytes survived on all PLLA scaffolds functionalized with BG for the whole culture period. Also inner parts of the scaffold were colonized by chondrocytes synthesizing an ECM which contained glycosaminoglycans. Type II collagen and aggrecan gene expression increased significantly in 1% BG scaffolds during the culture. Chondrocyte protein expression for cartilage ECM proteins indicated that the chondrocytes maintained their differentiated phenotype in the scaffolds. BG could serve as a cytocompatible basis for future scaffold composites for osteochondral cartilage defect repair. Abbreviations: AB: alcian blue ACAN: gene coding for aggrecan; BG: Bioactive glass; 2D: two-dimensional; 3D: three-dimensional; COL2A1: gene coding for type II collagen; DAPI: 4ʹ,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole; DMEM: Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium; DMMB: dimethylmethylene blue; DSC: Differential scanning calorimetric analysis; ECM: extracellular matrix; EDTA: ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; EtBr: ethidium bromide; FCS: fetal calf serum; FDA: fluorescein diacetate; GAG: glycosaminoglycans; HDPE: high density polyethylene; HE: hematoxylin and eosin staining; HCA: hydoxylapatite; PBE: phosphate buffered EDTA100 mM Na2HPO4 and 5 mM EDTA, pH8; PBS: phosphate buffered saline; PFA: paraformaldehyde; PG: proteoglycans; PI: propidium iodide; PLLA: Poly-L-Lactic Acid Scaffold; RT: room temperature; SD: standard deviation; SEM: scanning electron microscopy; sGAG: sulfated glycosaminoglycans; SOX9/Sox9: SRY (sex-determining region Y)-box 9 protein; TBS: TRIS buffered saline; TIPS: Thermally Induced Phase Separation; XRD: X-ray diffraction analysis.

AB - Damage of hyaline cartilage such as nasoseptal cartilage requires proper reconstruction, which remains challenging due to its low intrinsic repair capacity. Implantation of autologous chondrocytes in combination with a biomimetic biomaterial represents a promising strategy to support cartilage repair. Despite so far mostly tested for bone tissue engineering, bioactive glass (BG) could exert stimulatory effects on chondrogenesis. The aim of this work was to produce and characterize composite porous poly(L-lactide) (PLLA)/1393BG scaffolds via thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) technique and assess their effects on chondrogenesis of nasoseptal chondrocytes. The PLLA scaffolds without or with 1, 2.5, 5% BG1393 were prepared via TIPS technique starting from a ternary solution (polymer/solvent/non-solvent) in a single step. Scaffolds were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetric analysis (DSC). Human nasoseptal chondrocytes were seeded on the scaffolds with 1 and 2.5% BG for 7 and 14 days and cell survival, attachment, morphology and expression of SOX9 and cartilage-specific extracellular cartilage matrix (ECM) components were monitored. The majority of chondrocytes survived on all PLLA scaffolds functionalized with BG for the whole culture period. Also inner parts of the scaffold were colonized by chondrocytes synthesizing an ECM which contained glycosaminoglycans. Type II collagen and aggrecan gene expression increased significantly in 1% BG scaffolds during the culture. Chondrocyte protein expression for cartilage ECM proteins indicated that the chondrocytes maintained their differentiated phenotype in the scaffolds. BG could serve as a cytocompatible basis for future scaffold composites for osteochondral cartilage defect repair. Abbreviations: AB: alcian blue ACAN: gene coding for aggrecan; BG: Bioactive glass; 2D: two-dimensional; 3D: three-dimensional; COL2A1: gene coding for type II collagen; DAPI: 4ʹ,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole; DMEM: Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium; DMMB: dimethylmethylene blue; DSC: Differential scanning calorimetric analysis; ECM: extracellular matrix; EDTA: ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; EtBr: ethidium bromide; FCS: fetal calf serum; FDA: fluorescein diacetate; GAG: glycosaminoglycans; HDPE: high density polyethylene; HE: hematoxylin and eosin staining; HCA: hydoxylapatite; PBE: phosphate buffered EDTA100 mM Na2HPO4 and 5 mM EDTA, pH8; PBS: phosphate buffered saline; PFA: paraformaldehyde; PG: proteoglycans; PI: propidium iodide; PLLA: Poly-L-Lactic Acid Scaffold; RT: room temperature; SD: standard deviation; SEM: scanning electron microscopy; sGAG: sulfated glycosaminoglycans; SOX9/Sox9: SRY (sex-determining region Y)-box 9 protein; TBS: TRIS buffered saline; TIPS: Thermally Induced Phase Separation; XRD: X-ray diffraction analysis.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/339119

UR - http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/icts20

M3 - Article

VL - 1

SP - 1

EP - 14

JO - Connective Tissue Research

JF - Connective Tissue Research

SN - 0300-8207

ER -