Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are produced in response to various stressors, including ischemia-reperfusion, and they can exit cells and reach the blood. In this pilot study, we determined serum levels of Hsp60 and heme-oxygenase-1 (HO-1; also named Hsp32) in subjects with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) to assess their clinical significance and potential prognostic value. We also performed a bioinformatics analysis of the 2 molecules in search of structural clues on the mechanism of their release from cells. We studied 40 patients consecutively admitted for AMI (male:female patient ratio=20:20, mean age: 64 ± 13 years) and 40 matched controls. A blood sample was drawn for biochemical analyses within 24 h of symptoms onset, and Hsp60 and HO-1 concentrations were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). All patients were followed up for 6 months to register adverse post-AMI cardiovascular events. A multivariate analysis demonstrated that elevated Hsp60 (P=0.0361), creatine phosphokinase-muscle brain (CK-MB) (P=0.0446), and troponin (P=0.0490) were predictive of post-AMI adverse events. In contrast, increased HO-1 showed a significant association with less severity of coronary artery diseases (P=0.0223). These findings suggest that Hsp60 and HO-1 play distinct roles in the pathogenesis of AMI and subsequent AMI-related pathology. The possibility that these proteins differ in their roles and mechanisms of action in AMI and post-AMI pathology was supported also by the bioinformatics estimates of probability of their localization in various subcellular compartments. The results clear the way for subsequent investigation on the pathogenetic role and clinical significance of Hsp60 and HO-1 in AMI.
|Numero di pagine||7|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2011|