HPV DNA in clinically different variants of oral leukoplakia and lichen planus

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Abstract

AbstractOBJECTIVES:Our objectives were to determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in oral leukoplakia (OL) and oral lichen planus (OLP) in comparison with that in healthy oral mucosa, also conditionally to age, gender, smoking, and drinking habits of patients, so as to investigate any possible association of HPV infection with a specific clinical variant of OL or OLP.STUDY DESIGN:We did research on HPV DNA in 68 cases of OL (homogeneous form [H] in 45 cases and nonhomogeneous form [non-H] in 23 cases), and in 71 cases of OLP (nonatrophic/erosive form [non-AE] in 27 cases, atrophic/erosive form [AE] in 44 cases). HPV DNA was investigated in exfoliated oral mucosa cells by nested PCR (nPCR: MY09-MY11/GP5-GP6) and the HPV genotype determined by direct DNA sequencing.RESULTS:HPV DNA was found in 17.6% of OL, in 19.7% of OLP, and in 5.6% of controls, with a statistically significant higher risk of HPV infection in both lesion groups (for OL: P=.01; Odds Ratio [OR]=3.64; 95% CI: 1.21-10.80; for OLP: P=.005; OR=4.17; 95% CI: 1.41-12.18). Demographic variables analysis showed that the only significant association was between HPV status and current smoking in OL patients (OR'=3.40; 95% CI: 1.0-11.59). HPV DNA was found in 20% of H OL and 13% of non-H OL, without any association with the clinical variant (P=.73; OR=0.60; 95% CI: 0.14-2.48). HPV DNA was found in 18.5% of non-AE OLP and 20.4% of AE OLP, without any significant association with the clinical variant (P=.84; OR=1.13; 95% CI: 0.335-3.816). HPV-18 was the most frequently detected genotype (9/12 and 10/14 of HPV-positive OL and OLP, respectively), followed by HPV-16 (2/12 OL and 2/14 OLP), HPV-33 (1/12 OL), HPV-31 (1/14 OLP), and HPV-6 (1/14 OLP).CONCLUSIONS:An increased risk of HPV infection was found in OL and OLP; however, no specific clinical variant of OL or OLP was noted to be associated with HPV infection. It is not possible to predict the likelihood of HPV infection from the clinical features of OL and OLP.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)705-711
Numero di pagine7
RivistaORAL SURGERY ORAL MEDICINE ORAL PATHOLOGY ORAL RADIOLOGY AND ENDODONTICS
Volume98
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2004

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)

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