How sports affect static baropodometry? An observational study carried out in women living in southern Italy

Risultato della ricerca: Other

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the current study was two-fold: (a) toinvestigate the relationship between plantar pressure and surfacedistribution between athletes and sedentary women; and (b) to see thedifferences, if any, in these parameters between two groups and alsothe differences between the sports within athletes’ group.Methods: One hundred and seventy-three (173) female participantswere enrolled in this study, where ninety-eight (98) were sedentary (age:24.23 ± 6.11 years; height 161.11 ± 6.44 cm; weight56.70 ± 8.19 kg; BMI 21.81 ± 2.52 kg/m2; Body Surface Area (BSA)1.59 ± 0.13; shoe nr. 37.83 ± 1.53) while seventy-five (75) were athletes(age 22.47 ± 4.89 years; height 159.98 ± 5.95 cm; weight55.49 ± 7.61 kg; BMI 21.62 ± 2.18 kg/m2; BSA 1.57 ± 0.12; shoenr38.05 ± 1.55). For plantar support analysis, FreeMed posturographysystem was used, including the FreeMed baropodometric platform aswell as FreeStep v.1.0.3 software. Orthostatic position was maintainedon the baropodometric platform in order to detect differencesResults: No significant differences were found regarding anthropometricdata (age, height,weight,BMI,BSAand shoe number).Moreover,no significant differences were detected in total surface, forefoot, rearfoot,total left and total right foot surface between sedentary and athletes,as well. In addition, significant differences between sedentary(50.39 ± 3.60%; 49.61 ± 3.60%) and athletes (52.36 ± 3.76%;47.64 ± 3.73%) were found in forefoot and rearfoot load (P = 0.0006and P = 0.0006). Moreover, also the maximal peak pressure and themean pressure resulted significantly different between groups (Sedentaryvs Athletes). Of interest, there were also significant differences betweensports (athlete group) in total surface, forefoot and rearfoot surface andtotal left and right surface and in some load pressure parameters.Conclusions: We can conclude that women who practice sport differfrom sedentary ones in forefoot-rearfoot ratio pressure. Moreover, wedetected also plantar surface and forefoot-rearfoot ratio pressuredifferences within the athletes group.Keywords: Sedentary, Athlete, Baropodometry, Plantar pressuredistributionReferences1. Wong PL, Chamari K, Mao DW et al (2007) Higher plantarpressure on the medial side in four soccer-related movements. BrJ Sports Med 41:93–1002. Gravante G, Russo G, Pomara F et al (2002) Influence of physicalactivity on plantar pressures and on ground projection of the bodybarycentre. Med Sport 55:269–2783. Russo G, Truglio G, Gravante G et al (1998) Analisi baropodometricastatica e dinamica in maratoneti e bodybuilders. MedSport 51:299–3054. de Paula Lima PO, Camelo PRP, Ferreira V et al (2017)Evaluation of the isokinetic muscle function, postural control andplantar pressure distribution in capoeira players: a cross-sectionalstudy. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J 7:498–503
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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