HIV rapid test in a community setting as a strategy to improve access to HIV testing: data from a multicentre experience in Italy

Walter Mazzucco, Claudia Marotta

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

4,000 new HIV diagnoses and approximately 800 AIDS cases are still reported annually in Italy. Improving public awareness and bringing out HIV-undiagnosed individuals are keystones to progress towards the control of the HIV epidemic. For this purpose, the Open HIV TEST project was organized and delivered by the Italian NGO Anlaids, together with local infectious diseases specialists, in order to provide free access to HIV testing outside the healthcare setting. Between October 2017 and February 2019 six Open HIV TEST initiatives were delivered in six Italian cities (3 northern cities, 1 central and 2 southern cities). In all, 581 people were tested: the overall prevalence of HIV test reactivity was 0.7%. Participants were also asked about previous screenings and about their satisfaction with the initiative: previous HIV screening due to pregnancy or surgical procedures was reported mainly by participants in northern centres (p<0.001); finally, the initiative was considered useful and noteworthy by 99% of participants. Prevalence of HIV test reactivity in our experience was in line with national data. Our experience suggests that active testing and counselling strategies in community settings should be recommended and institutionalized by local health authorities in line with the 90-90-90 global strategy.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)415-421
Numero di pagine7
RivistaLE INFEZIONI IN MEDICINA
Volume27
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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Italy
HIV
Urbanization
Communicable Diseases
Counseling
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Delivery of Health Care
Pregnancy
Health

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abstract = "4,000 new HIV diagnoses and approximately 800 AIDS cases are still reported annually in Italy. Improving public awareness and bringing out HIV-undiagnosed individuals are keystones to progress towards the control of the HIV epidemic. For this purpose, the Open HIV TEST project was organized and delivered by the Italian NGO Anlaids, together with local infectious diseases specialists, in order to provide free access to HIV testing outside the healthcare setting. Between October 2017 and February 2019 six Open HIV TEST initiatives were delivered in six Italian cities (3 northern cities, 1 central and 2 southern cities). In all, 581 people were tested: the overall prevalence of HIV test reactivity was 0.7{\%}. Participants were also asked about previous screenings and about their satisfaction with the initiative: previous HIV screening due to pregnancy or surgical procedures was reported mainly by participants in northern centres (p<0.001); finally, the initiative was considered useful and noteworthy by 99{\%} of participants. Prevalence of HIV test reactivity in our experience was in line with national data. Our experience suggests that active testing and counselling strategies in community settings should be recommended and institutionalized by local health authorities in line with the 90-90-90 global strategy.",
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AU - Mazzucco, Walter

AU - Marotta, Claudia

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N2 - 4,000 new HIV diagnoses and approximately 800 AIDS cases are still reported annually in Italy. Improving public awareness and bringing out HIV-undiagnosed individuals are keystones to progress towards the control of the HIV epidemic. For this purpose, the Open HIV TEST project was organized and delivered by the Italian NGO Anlaids, together with local infectious diseases specialists, in order to provide free access to HIV testing outside the healthcare setting. Between October 2017 and February 2019 six Open HIV TEST initiatives were delivered in six Italian cities (3 northern cities, 1 central and 2 southern cities). In all, 581 people were tested: the overall prevalence of HIV test reactivity was 0.7%. Participants were also asked about previous screenings and about their satisfaction with the initiative: previous HIV screening due to pregnancy or surgical procedures was reported mainly by participants in northern centres (p<0.001); finally, the initiative was considered useful and noteworthy by 99% of participants. Prevalence of HIV test reactivity in our experience was in line with national data. Our experience suggests that active testing and counselling strategies in community settings should be recommended and institutionalized by local health authorities in line with the 90-90-90 global strategy.

AB - 4,000 new HIV diagnoses and approximately 800 AIDS cases are still reported annually in Italy. Improving public awareness and bringing out HIV-undiagnosed individuals are keystones to progress towards the control of the HIV epidemic. For this purpose, the Open HIV TEST project was organized and delivered by the Italian NGO Anlaids, together with local infectious diseases specialists, in order to provide free access to HIV testing outside the healthcare setting. Between October 2017 and February 2019 six Open HIV TEST initiatives were delivered in six Italian cities (3 northern cities, 1 central and 2 southern cities). In all, 581 people were tested: the overall prevalence of HIV test reactivity was 0.7%. Participants were also asked about previous screenings and about their satisfaction with the initiative: previous HIV screening due to pregnancy or surgical procedures was reported mainly by participants in northern centres (p<0.001); finally, the initiative was considered useful and noteworthy by 99% of participants. Prevalence of HIV test reactivity in our experience was in line with national data. Our experience suggests that active testing and counselling strategies in community settings should be recommended and institutionalized by local health authorities in line with the 90-90-90 global strategy.

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