High-resolution 40Ar/39Ar chronostratigraphy of the post-caldera (<20 ka) volcanic activity at Pantelleria, Sicily Strait

Silvio Giuseppe Rotolo, Silvio G. Rotolo, Stéphane Scaillet, Grazia Vita-Scaillet

Risultato della ricerca: Article

21 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The island of Pantelleria (Sicily Strait), the type locality for pantellerite, has been the locus of major calderaforming eruptions that culminated, ca. 50 ka ago, in the formation of the Cinque Denti caldera produced by the Green Tuff eruption. The post-caldera silicic activity since that time has been mostly confined inside the caldera and consists of smaller-energy eruptions represented by more than twenty coalescing pantelleritic centers structurally controlled by resurgence and trapdoor faulting of the caldera floor. A high-resolution 40Ar/39Ar study was conducted on key units spanning the recent (post-20 ka) intracaldera activity to better characterize the present-day status (and forecast the short-term behavior of) the system based on the temporal evolution of the latest eruptions. The new 40Ar/39Ar data capture a long-term (N15 ka) decline in eruption frequency with a shift in eruptive pace from 3.5 ka−1 to 0.8 ka−1 associated with a prominent paleosol horizon marking the only recognizable volcanic stasis around 12–14 ka. This shift in extraction frequency occurswithoutmajor changes in eruptive style, and is paralleled by a subtle trend of decreasingmelt differentiation index. We speculate that this decline probably occurred (i) without short-term variations in melt production/differentiation rate in a steadystate compositionally-zoned silicic reservoir progressively tapped deeper through the sequence, and (ii) that it was possibly modulated by outboard eustatic forcing due to the 140 m sea level rise over the past 21 ka. The intracaldera system is experiencing a protracted stasis since 7 ka. Coupled with recent geodetic evidence of deflation and subsidence of the caldera floor, the system appears today to be on a wane with no temporal evidence for a short-term silicic eruption.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)280-290
Numero di pagine11
RivistaEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume309
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2011

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Sicily
chronostratigraphy
straits
calderas
caldera
volcanic eruptions
strait
volcanology
volcanic eruption
Faulting
high resolution
Subsidence
Sea level
Data acquisition
subsidence
type locality
loci
temporal evolution
sea level
paleosol

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cita questo

High-resolution 40Ar/39Ar chronostratigraphy of the post-caldera (<20 ka) volcanic activity at Pantelleria, Sicily Strait. / Rotolo, Silvio Giuseppe; Rotolo, Silvio G.; Scaillet, Stéphane; Vita-Scaillet, Grazia.

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 309, 2011, pag. 280-290.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

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abstract = "The island of Pantelleria (Sicily Strait), the type locality for pantellerite, has been the locus of major calderaforming eruptions that culminated, ca. 50 ka ago, in the formation of the Cinque Denti caldera produced by the Green Tuff eruption. The post-caldera silicic activity since that time has been mostly confined inside the caldera and consists of smaller-energy eruptions represented by more than twenty coalescing pantelleritic centers structurally controlled by resurgence and trapdoor faulting of the caldera floor. A high-resolution 40Ar/39Ar study was conducted on key units spanning the recent (post-20 ka) intracaldera activity to better characterize the present-day status (and forecast the short-term behavior of) the system based on the temporal evolution of the latest eruptions. The new 40Ar/39Ar data capture a long-term (N15 ka) decline in eruption frequency with a shift in eruptive pace from 3.5 ka−1 to 0.8 ka−1 associated with a prominent paleosol horizon marking the only recognizable volcanic stasis around 12–14 ka. This shift in extraction frequency occurswithoutmajor changes in eruptive style, and is paralleled by a subtle trend of decreasingmelt differentiation index. We speculate that this decline probably occurred (i) without short-term variations in melt production/differentiation rate in a steadystate compositionally-zoned silicic reservoir progressively tapped deeper through the sequence, and (ii) that it was possibly modulated by outboard eustatic forcing due to the 140 m sea level rise over the past 21 ka. The intracaldera system is experiencing a protracted stasis since 7 ka. Coupled with recent geodetic evidence of deflation and subsidence of the caldera floor, the system appears today to be on a wane with no temporal evidence for a short-term silicic eruption.",
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AU - Rotolo, Silvio Giuseppe

AU - Rotolo, Silvio G.

AU - Scaillet, Stéphane

AU - Vita-Scaillet, Grazia

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N2 - The island of Pantelleria (Sicily Strait), the type locality for pantellerite, has been the locus of major calderaforming eruptions that culminated, ca. 50 ka ago, in the formation of the Cinque Denti caldera produced by the Green Tuff eruption. The post-caldera silicic activity since that time has been mostly confined inside the caldera and consists of smaller-energy eruptions represented by more than twenty coalescing pantelleritic centers structurally controlled by resurgence and trapdoor faulting of the caldera floor. A high-resolution 40Ar/39Ar study was conducted on key units spanning the recent (post-20 ka) intracaldera activity to better characterize the present-day status (and forecast the short-term behavior of) the system based on the temporal evolution of the latest eruptions. The new 40Ar/39Ar data capture a long-term (N15 ka) decline in eruption frequency with a shift in eruptive pace from 3.5 ka−1 to 0.8 ka−1 associated with a prominent paleosol horizon marking the only recognizable volcanic stasis around 12–14 ka. This shift in extraction frequency occurswithoutmajor changes in eruptive style, and is paralleled by a subtle trend of decreasingmelt differentiation index. We speculate that this decline probably occurred (i) without short-term variations in melt production/differentiation rate in a steadystate compositionally-zoned silicic reservoir progressively tapped deeper through the sequence, and (ii) that it was possibly modulated by outboard eustatic forcing due to the 140 m sea level rise over the past 21 ka. The intracaldera system is experiencing a protracted stasis since 7 ka. Coupled with recent geodetic evidence of deflation and subsidence of the caldera floor, the system appears today to be on a wane with no temporal evidence for a short-term silicic eruption.

AB - The island of Pantelleria (Sicily Strait), the type locality for pantellerite, has been the locus of major calderaforming eruptions that culminated, ca. 50 ka ago, in the formation of the Cinque Denti caldera produced by the Green Tuff eruption. The post-caldera silicic activity since that time has been mostly confined inside the caldera and consists of smaller-energy eruptions represented by more than twenty coalescing pantelleritic centers structurally controlled by resurgence and trapdoor faulting of the caldera floor. A high-resolution 40Ar/39Ar study was conducted on key units spanning the recent (post-20 ka) intracaldera activity to better characterize the present-day status (and forecast the short-term behavior of) the system based on the temporal evolution of the latest eruptions. The new 40Ar/39Ar data capture a long-term (N15 ka) decline in eruption frequency with a shift in eruptive pace from 3.5 ka−1 to 0.8 ka−1 associated with a prominent paleosol horizon marking the only recognizable volcanic stasis around 12–14 ka. This shift in extraction frequency occurswithoutmajor changes in eruptive style, and is paralleled by a subtle trend of decreasingmelt differentiation index. We speculate that this decline probably occurred (i) without short-term variations in melt production/differentiation rate in a steadystate compositionally-zoned silicic reservoir progressively tapped deeper through the sequence, and (ii) that it was possibly modulated by outboard eustatic forcing due to the 140 m sea level rise over the past 21 ka. The intracaldera system is experiencing a protracted stasis since 7 ka. Coupled with recent geodetic evidence of deflation and subsidence of the caldera floor, the system appears today to be on a wane with no temporal evidence for a short-term silicic eruption.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/62191

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VL - 309

SP - 280

EP - 290

JO - Earth and Planetary Science Letters

JF - Earth and Planetary Science Letters

SN - 0012-821X

ER -