High Flow Nasal Therapy Use in Patients with Acute Exacerbation of COPD and Bronchiectasis: A Feasibility Study

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Abstract

The efficacy and feasibility of high flow nasal therapy (HFNT) use in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) and bronchiectasis is unknown. We performed a single-center, single-arm prospective observational study in patients with AECOPD, documented bronchiectasis, pH >= 7.35, respiratory rate (RR) >= 26 breaths/minute despite receiving maximal medical treatment and oxygen via face mask up to 10 L/m. Patients received HFNT (Airvo 2, Fisher & Paykel) at a gas flow of 50 L/min and FIO2 adjusted to maintain SpO(2) >= 92%. Dyspnea, rated by Borg scale, RR, arterial blood gases and mucus production (ranging from 1 to 3) were collected before and 1 h after starting HFNT and then every 24 h for 3 days. Tolerance was measured using a visual analogic scale (VAS). Fifteen patients were enrolled. After 24 h, patients showed a significant improvement in dyspnea score [Borg scale from 6.7 +/- 1.4 to 4.1 +/- 1.3 (p<.001)]; RR decreased from 29.6 +/- 2.7 breaths/min to 23.2 +/- 2.9 breaths/min (p<.001); pCO2 significantly decreased after 24 h [58.4 +/- 13 vs. 51.7 +/- 8.2 (p=.003)] while quantity of mucus production increased [(1.1 +/- 0,6 vs. 2.4 +/- 0.7, p<.001)]. No patient received invasive or noninvasive mechanical ventilation. Overall VAS score for HFNT tolerance was 6.5. HFNT was effective in improving dyspnea score, decreasing RR, improving gas exchange, and increasing mucus production in patients with AECOPD and coexisting bronchiectasis. Moreover, no safety concerns on its use were detected. Nevertheless, due to the single-arm design, the effect of HFNT could not be isolated from standard pharmacological treatment due to the study design.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-7
Numero di pagine7
RivistaCOPD
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

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