We consider the quantum Liouville equation and give a characterization of the solutions which satisfy the Heisenberg uncertainty relation. We analyze three cases. Initially we consider a particular solution of the quantum Liouville equation: the Wigner transform f(x,v,t) of a genericsolution ψ(x,t) of the Schroedinger equation. We give a representation of ψ(x, t) by the Hermite functions. We show that the values of the variances of x and v calculated by using the Wigner function f(x,v,t) coincide, respectively, with the variances of position operator X and conjugate momentum operator P obtained using the wave function ψ(x,t). Then we consider the Fourier transform of the density matrix ρ(z,y,t)=ψ*(z,t)ψ(y,t).We find again that the variances of x and v obtained by using ρ(z,y,t) are respectively equal to the variances of X and P calculated in ψ(x,t).Finally we introduce the matrix ||Ann'(t)|| and we show that a generic square-integrable function g(x,v,t) can be written as Fourier transform of a density matrix, provided that the matrix ||Ann'(t)|| is diagonalizable.
|Numero di pagine||20|
|Rivista||International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes